Design and characterization of a chitosan physical gel promoting wound healing in mice
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In this study, a sterile and biocompatible chitosan (CHI) gel for wound healing applications was formulated. CHI powder was treated in autoclave (ttCHI) to prepare sterile formulations. The heat treatment modified the CHI molecular weight, as evidenced by GPC analysis, and its physical–chemical features. Differential scanning calorimetry studies indicated that the macromolecules, before and after thermal treatment, differ in the strength of water-polymer interaction leading to different viscoelastic and flow properties. Thermally treated CHI exhibited the following effects: (i) increased the proliferation and migration of human foreskin foetal fibroblasts at 24 h; (ii) accelerated wound healing (measured as area of lesion) at 3 and 10 days in an in vivo model of pressure ulcers. These effects were linked to the increase of the hydroxyproline and haemoglobin content as well as Wnt protein expression. Moreover, we found a reduction of myeloperoxidase activity and TNF-α mRNA expression. These observations suggest the potential of this novel CHI gel in wound healing and other therapeutic applications.
KeywordsChitosan Wound Healing Pressure Ulcer HTAB Differential Scanning Calorimeter Analysis
This work was supported by Italian “Ministero della Salute” (Grant: Progetto Giovani Ricercatori – annualità 2007). The authors thank Dr. Manuela Gavina for her technical support.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
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