Effect of direct RGD incorporation in PLLA nanofibers on growth and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

  • Markus Dietmar Schofer
  • Ulrich Boudriot
  • Sarah Bockelmann
  • Andreas Walz
  • Joachim Heinz Wendorff
  • Andreas Greiner
  • Jürgen Rudolf Josef Paletta
  • Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann


The aim of this study was to functionalize synthetic poly-(l-lactic) (PLLA) nanofibers by direct incorporation of cRGD, in order to promote adhesion, growth and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) in vitro. The cRGD was incorporated into PLLA nanofibers either by emulsion [PLLA-cRGD (d)] or suspension [PLLA-cRGD (s)]. Matrices were seeded with hMSC and cultivated over a period of 28 days under growth conditions and analyzed during the course. Although the mode of incorporation resulted in different distributions of the RGD peptide, it had no impact on the fiber characteristics when compared to corresponding unblended PLLA control fibers. However, hMSC showed better adherence on PLLA-cRGD (d). Nevertheless, this advantage was not reflected during the course of cultivation. Furthermore, the PLLA-cRGD (s) fibers mediated the osteogenic potential of collagen (determined as the expression and deposition of collagen and osteocalcin) to some extent. Further studies are needed in order to optimize the RGD distribution and concentration.


Contact Angle PLLA Osteogenic Differentiation Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Osteogenic Potential 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, Grant No. BO 3065/1-1). We would like to thank M. Hellwig for SEM measurements.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Dietmar Schofer
    • 1
  • Ulrich Boudriot
    • 3
  • Sarah Bockelmann
    • 1
  • Andreas Walz
    • 2
  • Joachim Heinz Wendorff
    • 2
  • Andreas Greiner
    • 2
  • Jürgen Rudolf Josef Paletta
    • 1
  • Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopedicsUniversity of MarburgMarburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of MarburgMarburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of OrthopedicsSankt-Elisabeth-Hospital GüterslohGüterslohGermany

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