Cell adhesion and accelerated detachment on the surface of temperature-sensitive chitosan and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogels
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A series of temperature-sensitive poly(NIPAAm-co-CSA) hydrogels were synthesized by the copolymerization of acrylic acid-derivatized Chitosan (CSA) and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) in aqueous solution. Their swelling properties and L929 cell adhesion and detachment behaviors were studied. It was found that poly(NIPAAm-co-CSA) hydrogels were temperature-sensitive associated with the roles of the component PNIPAAm. Most significantly, poly(NIPAAm-co-CSA) hydrogels exhibited simultaneously good swelling properties. The investigation of L929 cell adhesion and detachment of poly(NIPAAm-co-CSA) hydrogels indicated the cell adhesion and spreading was higher on the surface of poly(NIPAAm-co-CSA) hydrogels than that of PNIPAAm hydrogel at 37°C due to the incorporation of CS, which having excellent cell affinity. Poly(NIPAAm-co-CSA) hydrogels showed more rapid detachment of cell sheet compared to PNIPAAm hydrogel because of the highly hydrophilic and hygroscopic nature of CS chains when reducing the culture temperature from 37°C to 20°C.