Study of issues in the development of surface EMG controlled human hand

  • Hardeep S. Ryait
  • A. S. Arora
  • Ravinder Agarwal


In the process of improvement of prosthetic devices, there have been efforts to develop satisfactorily working artificial hands but still lots of work is to be done to meet the accuracy and requirements of the human hand movement. The EMG signal has been most promising signal in development of artificial limbs. The present review paper gives the historical developments in three main sections. First part describes the EMG signal properties. Second part deals with the mathematical models developed till now for EMG signal analysis. In the third part different design approaches have been reviewed for artificial hand. First approach discussed here is on the body-powered terminal devices which are controlled by the user’s pull on the control cable to open the hand or hook and for the grip strength. Other being myoelectric controls type, an externally-powered system which uses electrical impulses, generated by contraction of the amputees own remaining muscles to operate a motor in a mechanical hand, hook or elbow. This paper presents a brief overview of above mentioned issues with regard to artificial hands.


Grip Force Motor Unit Action Potential Power Grip Myoelectric Signal Single Motor Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hardeep S. Ryait
    • 1
  • A. S. Arora
    • 2
  • Ravinder Agarwal
    • 3
  1. 1.DBECMandigobindgarhIndia
  2. 2.SLIETLongowalIndia
  3. 3.Thapar UniversityPatialaIndia

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