Differentiation of preosteoblasts using a delivery system with BMPs and bioactive glass microspheres
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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and 45S5 Bioglass® microspheres (bioactive GM) can increase the differentiation of osteoblasts. Recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) is presently the BMP most frequently used in delivery systems and it has already been used in clinical bone healing studies. We have developed a delivery system that combines a collagen Type I gel, BMP and bioactive GM. Since BMP-9 seems to be more osteogenic than BMP-2, we compared the differentiation of MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts induced by our delivery system containing either a peptide derived from BMP-9 (pBMP-9), or rhBMP-2, both at 100 ng/mL. After 5 days, alkaline phosphatase staining showed that pBMP-9 induced more differentiation than rhBMP-2 in all experimental conditions. Also, bioactive GM increased this BMP effect. Since preosteoblasts secreted matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that can degrade collagen, we then studied the influence of the delivery system on MMPs production. We observed that MMP-2 was the major MMP involved in all experimental conditions. In addition, pBMP-9 with bioactive GM generated less MMP-2 than did rhBMP-2 on days 3 and 5. Thus, a delivery system using collagen Type I gel with pBMP-9 and bioactive GM seems to be a promising system for bone regeneration.
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