Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of high thermal stability Mn4+ in orthorhombic SrLa2Mg2W2O12 red phosphor for warm w-LEDs

Abstract

We successfully synthesized SrLa2Mg2W2O12:xMn4+ (x = 0.002, 0.004, 0.006, 0.008, 0.010, 0.012, 0.014) phosphors through a high-temperature solid-state reaction. The phase of sample was shown by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The morphology of the sample was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM), which showed the irregular morphology of SrLa2Mg2W2O12 (SLMW) powders. Additionally, the photoluminescence excitation (PLE), emission (PL) and ultraviolet–visible reflection spectra were also presented. As shown in results, the phosphor could be stimulated by the ultraviolet (UV) and near ultraviolet (NUV) light and then exhibited far-red emission (697 nm). The optimum doping concentration of Mn4+ is 1 mol%. The thermal stability of phosphors has been investigated and discussed (I423K/I298K = 64.6%), and the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of SLMW:0.01Mn4+ phosphors is as high as 51.2%. Finally, a far-red light-emitting diodes (LEDs) was fabricated by combining a 365 nm near-ultraviolet InGaN chip with SLMW:0.01Mn4+ phosphor. The Color Rendering Index (CRI), correlated color temperature (CCT) and luminescent efficiency (LE) values were 29.5, 1159 K and 5.6 lm/W, respectively. All of these indicated that SLMW:Mn4+ as a far-red phosphor can be applied to LEDs lamp and it has enormous potential applications in white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13

References

  1. 1.

    A. Peter, I. Banu, Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaLa(WO4)2:Eu3+ phosphors for white LED applications. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 28, 1–6 (2018)

  2. 2.

    A. Kunti, L. Ghosh, S. Sharma et al., Synthesis and luminescence mechanism of white light emitting Eu3+ doped CaZnV2O7 phosphors. J. Lumin. 214, 116530 (2019)

  3. 3.

    N. Dhana, V. Shiva, R. Saraf et al., Red-emitting LaOF:Eu3+ phosphors: Synthesis, structure and their Judd-Ofelt analysis for LED applications. Mater. Res. Bull. 75, 100–109 (2016)

  4. 4.

    Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Wu et al., A deep red phosphor Li2MgTiO4:Mn4+ exhibiting abnormal emission: potential application as color converter for warm w-LEDs. Chem. Eng. J. 288, 596–607 (2016)

  5. 5.

    J. Zhong, X. Chen, D. Chen et al., A novel rare-earth free red-emitting Li3Mg2SbO6:Mn4+ phosphor-in-glass for warm w-LEDs: synthesis, structure, and luminescence properties. J. Alloys Compd. 773, 413–422 (2019)

  6. 6.

    Z. Lu, T. Huang, R. Deng et al., Double perovskite Ca2GdNbO6:Mn4+ deep red phosphor: potential application for warm W-LEDs. Superlattices Microstruct. 117, 476–487 (2018)

  7. 7.

    Z. Liu, M. Yuwen, J. Liu et al., Electrospinning, optical properties and white LED applications of one-dimensional CaAl12O19:Mn4+ nanofiber phosphors. Ceram. Int. 43, 5674–5679 (2017)

  8. 8.

    J. Jiang, B. Yang, G. Zhao et al., High quantum efficiency far red emission from double perovskite structured CaLaMgMO6:Mn4+ (M = Nb, Ta) phosphor for UV-based light emitting diodes application. Opt. Mater. 83, 93–98 (2018)

  9. 9.

    H. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Fu et al., Luminous efficiency enhancement of WLEDs via patterned RGB phosphor arrays. J. Lumin. 211, 1–7 (2019)

  10. 10.

    Y. Hua, J. Yu, Broadband near-ultraviolet excited La2Mo2O9:Eu3+ red-emitting phosphors with high color purity for solid-state lighting. J. Alloys Compd. 783, 969–976 (2019)

  11. 11.

    W. Khan, J. Li, X. Li et al., Efficient energy transfer and luminescence properties of Ca3Y(GaO)3(BO3)4:Tb3+, Eu3+ as a green-to-red colour tunable phosphor under near-UV excitation. Dalton Trans. 46, 1885–1891 (2017)

  12. 12.

    J. Qin, H. Zhang, B. Lei et al., Preparation and afterglow properties of highly condensed nitridosilicate BaSi7N10:Eu2+ phosphor. J. Lumin. 152, 230–233 (2014)

  13. 13.

    J. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao et al., Green Eu2+ -doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation. J. Lumin. 131, 1101–1106 (2011)

  14. 14.

    C. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, T. Kitabatake et al., Surface modification of Ca-α-SiAlON: Eu2+ phosphor particles by SiO2 coating and fabrication of its deposit by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) process. Appl. Surf. Sci. 280, 229–234 (2013)

  15. 15.

    R. Jian, R. Xie et al., Nitrogen gas pressure synthesis and photoluminescent properties of orange-red SrAlSi4N7:Eu2+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 536–542 (2011)

  16. 16.

    X. Zhang, C. Hong, W. Ding et al., Ca2B5O9Cl:Eu2+, a suitable blue-emitting phosphor for n-UV excited solid-state lighting. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 429–432 (2010)

  17. 17.

    D. Bisen, R. Sharma, Mechanoluminescence properties of SrAl2O4:Eu2+ phosphor by combustion synthesis. Luminescence 31, 394–400 (2016)

  18. 18.

    I. Sahu, D. Bisen, N. Brahme et al., Studies on the luminescence behavior of SrCaMgSi2O7:Eu3+ phosphor by solid state reaction method. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 1828–1839 (2016)

  19. 19.

    R. Xu, C. Shi, Y. Liang et al., Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of KBaY(BO3)2:Eu2+ bluish-green phosphor. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 28, 1402–1408 (2017)

  20. 20.

    N. Chi, N. Tuan, N. Lien et al., Red emission of SrAl2O4: Mn4+ phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes. J. Electron. Mater. 10, 1–8 (2018)

  21. 21.

    A. Fu, L. Zhou, S. Wang et al., Preparation, structural and optical characteristics of a deep red-emitting Mg2Al4Si5O18:Mn4+ phosphor for warm w-LEDs. Dyes Pigment. 148, 9–15 (2018)

  22. 22.

    W. Chen, Y. Cheng, L. Shen et al., Red-emitting Sr2MgGe2O7: Mn4+ phosphors: structure, luminescence properties, and application in warm white light emitting diodes. J. Alloys Compd. 762, 688–696 (2018)

  23. 23.

    J. Li, W. Liu, Y. Li et al., Effect of Si4+ substitution on luminescence of Y3Al5O12: Mn4+. Ceram. Int. 44, 16099–160102 (2018)

  24. 24.

    H. Lian, Q. Huang, Y. Chen et al., Resonance emission enhancement (REE) for narrow band red-emitting A2GeF6:Mn4+ (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs) phosphors synthesized via a precipitation-cation exchange route. Inorg. Chem. 56, 11900–11910 (2017)

  25. 25.

    W. Ji, B. Min, S. Jin et al., Optical characteristics and longevity of the line-emitting K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor for LED application. Opt. Mater. Express. 6, 782–792 (2016)

  26. 26.

    L. Lv, X. Jiang, S. Huang et al., The formation mechanism, improved photoluminescence and LED applications of red phosphor K2SiF6:Mn4+. J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 3879–3884 (2014)

  27. 27.

    R. Yu, M. Li, N. Xie et al., Structure and luminescence characteristics of Eu3+-activated trigonal layered perovskite Ba2La2ZnW2O12. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98, 3849–3855 (2015)

  28. 28.

    Q. Zeng, H. Liang, M. Gong, Q. Su, Synthesis and luminescence of Ca3Ln2W2O12:Eu3+ for NUV-InGaN-based red-emitting LED. J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, H730–H733 (2008)

  29. 29.

    G. Li, Y. Wei, Z. Li et al., Synthesis and photoluminescence of Eu3+ doped CaGd2(WO4)4 novel red phosphors for white LEDs applications. Opt. Mater. 66, 253–260 (2017)

  30. 30.

    R. Cao, X. Ceng, J. Huang et al., A double-perovskite Sr2ZnWO6:Mn4+ deep red phosphor: synthesis and luminescence properties. Ceram. Int. 42, 16817–16821 (2016)

  31. 31.

    X. Huang, H. Guo, Finding a novel highly efficient Mn4+-activated finding a novel highly efficient Mn4+-activated Ca3La2W2O12 far-red emitting phosphor with excellent responsiveness to phytochrome PFR: towards indoor plant cultivation application. Dyes Pigment. 152, 36–42 (2018)

  32. 32.

    Y. Torii, Synthesis and defect structure of SrLa2(Mg2W2)O12 and Sr2La2(MgW2)O12. Chem. Lett. 8, 1393–1396 (1979)

  33. 33.

    S. Long, J. Hou, G. Zhang et al., High quantum efficiency red-emission tungstate based phosphor Sr(La1-xEux)2Mg2W2O12 for WLEDs application. Ceram. Int. 39, 6013–6017 (2013)

  34. 34.

    K. Pavani, J. Kumar, L. Moorthy, Luminescence properties of single-phase SrMg2La2W2O12:Tb3+, Sm3+, Tm3+ phosphor for multicolor- and white light-emitting LEDs. Mater. Res. Express. 1, 016201 (2014)

  35. 35.

    K. Pavani, J. Kumar, L. Moorthy, Effect of Tm3+ ions on the white light emission of Dy3+-Tm3+ codoped SrMg2La2W2O12 phosphors. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97, 1481–1488 (2014)

  36. 36.

    K. Pavani, J. Kumar, L. Moorthy, Photoluminescence properties of Tb3+ and Eu3+ ions co-doped SrMg2La2W2O12 phosphors for solid state lighting applications. J. Alloys Compd. 586, 722–729 (2014)

  37. 37.

    H. Guo, B. Devakumar, B. Li et al., Novel Na3Sc2(PO4)3:Ce3+, Tb3+ phosphors for white LEDs: tunable blue-green color emission, high quantum efficiency and excellent thermal stability. Dyes Pigment. 151, 81–88 (2018)

  38. 38.

    J. Liang, L. Sun, B. Devakumar et al., Novel Mn4+-activated LiLaMgWO6 far-red emitting phosphors: high photoluminescence efficiency, good thermal stability, and potential applications in plant cultivation LEDs. RSC Adv. 8, 27144–27151 (2018)

  39. 39.

    F. Yang, L. Qiao, H. Ren et al., Luminescence analysis of Mn4+, Zn2+: Li2TiO3 red phosphors. J. Lumin. 194, 179–184 (2018)

  40. 40.

    R. Cao, X. Liu, K. Bai et al., Photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Li2ZnSn2O6:Mn4+ phosphor for solid-state lighting. J. Lumin. 197, 169–174 (2018)

  41. 41.

    W. Lü, W. Lv, Q. Zhao et al., A novel efficient Mn4+ activated Ca14Al10Zn6O35 phosphor: application in red-emitting and white LEDs. Inorg. Chem. 53, 11985–11990 (2014)

  42. 42.

    B. Wang, H. Lin, J. Xu et al., CaMg2Al16O27:Mn4+-based red phosphor: a potential color converter for high-powered warm W-LED. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 22905–22913 (2014)

  43. 43.

    H. Chen, H. Lin, Q. Huang et al., A novel double-perovskite Gd2ZnTiO6:Mn4+ red phosphor for UV-based w-LEDs: structure and luminescence properties. J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 2374–2381 (2016)

  44. 44.

    A. Fu, Q. Pang, H. Yang et al., Ba2YNbO6: Mn4+-based red phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs): photoluminescent and thermal characteristics. Opt. Mater. 70, 144–152 (2017)

  45. 45.

    Z. Zhang, A. Song, X. Shen et al., A novel white emission in Ba10F2(PO4)6:Dy3+, single-phase full-color phosphor. Mater. Chem. Phys. 151, 345–350 (2015)

  46. 46.

    Z. Zhang, D. Ma, Y. Yue et al., Wide-band excited LaBMoO6:Eu3+ red phosphor for white-light-emitting diode. J. Alloys Compd. 636, 113–116 (2015)

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Doctoral Research Foundation of Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology (Grant No. 2016YB003). 2018 innovation and entrepreneurship training program for Chinese College Students (Grant No. 201810798006). Hebei Master's Innovation Subsidy Project in 2019 (Project No. CXZZSS2019118). Talent training project in Hebei Province (Project No. A201901059). National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51777138). Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City (Nos. 18JCZDJC99700 and 18JCYBJC87400). We also gratefully acknowledge the instrumental analysis center of Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology.

Author information

Correspondence to Zhi-wei Zhang or Xu-lin Lu.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shi, L., Han, Y., Wang, S. et al. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of high thermal stability Mn4+ in orthorhombic SrLa2Mg2W2O12 red phosphor for warm w-LEDs. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 4677–4686 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03022-5

Download citation