Facile synthesis of Sb-Sb2O5@P@C composite and study for the supercapacitor application

  • Zongsheng Cao
  • Zhengchun Yang
  • Cong Zhang
  • Liqiang Xie
  • Xinhao Zhao
  • Peng Pan
  • Yujie Yuan
  • Wen QiEmail author
  • Jie HeEmail author
  • Honghao Zhang
  • Tao Xue
  • Ping Zhang
  • Jun Wei
  • Kailiang Zhang
  • Jinshi Zhao


A Sb-Sb2O5@P@C composite was synthesized using a two-step high-energy mechanical milling (HEMM) method using metal antimony, red phosphorus, and carbon as raw materials. XPS, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy clearly showed that the Sb was partially oxidized to become Sb2O5 during the milling process and that some of the red phosphorus was converted to black phosphorus. A specific capacitance of 109.7 F g−1 was achieved at a current density of 0.5 mA cm-2 in the obtained Sb-Sb2O5@P@C composite, and the packaged supercapacitor prepared with the Sb-Sb2O5@P@C composite was found to maintain a capacitance retention of 77.3% after 5000 cycles at a current density of 2 A g−1. This study therefore provides a possible direction for the selection of electrode materials the perform well for application in supercapacitors.


HEMM Sb-Sb2O5@P@C Black phosphorus Supercapacitor Capacitance retention 



This research was funded by Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2184134), Tianjin Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 18JCZDJC99800), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51502203), Tianjin Young Overseas High-level Talent Plans (Grant No. 01001502), Tianjin Science and Technology Foundation (Grant No. 17ZXZNGX00090) and Tianjin Development Program for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Supplementary material

10854_2019_2776_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.9 mb)
Additional file 1: Table S1. Predictive value of variables on one-year global cognitive scores.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Advanced Materials and Printed Electronics Center, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Film Electronic & Communication DevicesTianjin University of TechnologyTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Materials CenterBeijing Institute of Collaborative InnovationBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Electrical and Information EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Singapore Institute of Manufacturing TechnologyAgency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR)SingaporeSingapore
  5. 5.Center for Analysis and TestTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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