Tailoring electromechanical performance in BiScO3-modified Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based lead-free piezoceramics

  • Leijie Wang
  • Wangfeng BaiEmail author
  • Xinyu Zhao
  • Yuqin Ding
  • Fei Wen
  • Lili Li
  • Wei Wu
  • Peng ZhengEmail author
  • Jiwei ZhaiEmail author


The strain response of lead-free ternary solid solution (1 − x) (0.94 Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–0.06BaTiO3)–xBiScO3 (BNT–BT–BS) have been tailored by controlling the phase transition temperature. The effects of BiScO3 on the phase structure, dielectric, ferroelectric, piezoelectric properties, and electric field-induced strain are systematically investigated. A schematic phase diagram has also been established to clarify the relationship between strain behavior and structure evolution. The field-induced strain increases progressively, and a large strain of 0.35% with Smax/Emax = 471 pm/V is achieved at the critical composition x = 0.03, owing to the shift of the ferroelectric-to-relaxor transition temperature TF–R to ambient temperature. Intriguingly, the established correlation between strain response and TF–R demonstrates that the optimization of strain behavior of BNT-based ceramics can be realized though the regulation of TF–R to room temperature. Furthermore, a high and thermally stable electrostrictive coefficient Q33 of 0.018 m4/C2 can also be attained at the composition x = 0.06. In this study, it is believed that the modulation of phase transition temperature is feasible to achieve the large strain response in BNT-based ceramics.



The authors would like to acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51502067), Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LQ16E020004), key research, and development projects of Zhejiang Province (2017C01056).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Electronics and InformationHangzhou Dianzi UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Materials and Environmental EngineeringHangzhou Dianzi UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Functional Materials Research Laboratory, School of Materials Science & EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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