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Effect of Sn4+ doping on the dielectric and nonlinear JE properties of CaCu3Ti4.1O12 ceramics with a slight titanium excess for X9R capacitors

  • Ekaphan Swatsitang
  • Krissana Prompa
  • Thanin PutjusoEmail author
Article

Abstract

Sn4+ doped CaCu3Ti4.1−xSnxO12 (x = 0.00, 0.05, and 0.10) ceramics were prepared using a one-step polymer pyrolysis method. Variation of Δε′ < ± 15% over a temperature range of − 60 to 210 °C, very low tanδ ~ 0.009–0.012 and giant-ε′ ~ 6685–14,194 at 30 °C and 1 kHz were achieved in ceramics with x = 0.05 and 0.10 sintered at 1080 °C for 7 h. Furthermore, tanδ values of less than 0.03 and Δε′ < ± 10% over wide temperatures range of − 60 to 150 °C and − 60 to 200 °C were obtained in each of the ceramics. Both ceramics are promising candidate materials for X9R capacitor and X-P capacitor applications. The increase of grain boundary resistance (Rgb) with increasing Sn4+ content in the presence of a TiO2 phase are suggested to play an important role in extending Δε′ < ± 15% and tanδ < 0.05 over a wider temperature range.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin, Wang Klai Kangwon Campus, Hua Hin, Prachuap khiri khan, Thailand. It was also supported by the Thailand Research Fund through the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. Program (PHD/0207/2558). The Research Network NANOTEC (RNN) program of the National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), NSTDA, Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation and Khon Kaen University, Thailand is also thanked for co-financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ekaphan Swatsitang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Krissana Prompa
    • 2
  • Thanin Putjuso
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.NANOTEC -KKU RNN on Nanomaterials Research and Innovation for EnergyKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.School of General Science, Faculty of Liberal ArtsRajamangala University of Technology RattanakosinHua HinThailand

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