Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 30, Issue 17, pp 16287–16297 | Cite as

Design of hierarchical 1D–2D NiCo2O4 as high-performance microwave absorber with strong loss and wide absorbing frequency

  • Xiaogang Su
  • Jun WangEmail author
  • Xiaoxiao Zhang
  • Bin Zhang
  • Siqi Huo
  • Qilei Wu
  • Wei Dai
  • Yi Zou


Nowadays, the studying of high-performance microwave absorber with the features of broad bandwidth and strong absorption to address the electromagnetic wave pollution is still a challenge. Thus, based on the careful design of structure and composition, a novel high-performance microwave absorber of hierarchical 1D–2D NiCo2O4 integrating one-dimension nanofibers and two-dimension microsheets is prepared via facile hydrothermal method and subsequent annealing process. The formed NiCo2O4 can be well adjusted under the different annealing temperature. Particularly, varying the annealing temperature from 280 to 600 °C regulates the composition and physicochemical property, further optimizing the microwave absorption performance of hierarchical 1D–2D NiCo2O4. Therefore, when the annealing temperature is 320 °C and the fill ratio in the paraffin is 30%, maximum reflection loss and efficient frequency bandwidth below − 10 dB are − 41.8 dB and 5.35 GHz at a thickness of 2 mm respectively. The superior absorption performance is due to conductive loss, dipole polarization loss, multiple scattering and multiple reflection, which illustrates that hierarchical 1D–2D NiCo2O4 could be regarded as a strong-loss, broadband, and lightweight microwave absorber.



The financial supports from the NSFC Grant No. 51672201 are gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

10854_2019_1999_MOESM1_ESM.doc (5.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 5448 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Advanced Material Manufacturing Equipment and TechnologyWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan Institute of TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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