Growth, structural and optical limiting property of a new third order nonlinear optical material: piperazinium bis (2-carboxypyridine) monohydrate

  • P. RekhaEmail author
  • G. Chakkaravarthi
  • R. Mohan Kumar
  • G. Vinitha
  • R. Kanagadurai


Piperazinium bis (2-carboxypyridine) monohydrate (PPPA) was successfully synthesized and crystal was grown from aqueous solution. PPPA compound crystallized in centric (or achiral) space group P21/C. The lattice perfection was analyzed by high-resolution X-ray diffraction rocking curve measurement. The chemical structure was confirmed by FTIR and NMR spectral studies. The range of optical transmittance of PPPA crystal was elucidated from UV–visible spectral studies. Optical resistance was estimated from LDT studies using Nd:YAG laser. Thermal stability have also investigated for PPPA compound which shows that PPPA crystal is potentially applicable for optical applications. Mechanical stability and material’s category were established from the Vicker’s hardness studies. Growth mechanism of PPPA was revealed from etching studies. The grown crystal was investigated for third order susceptibility by Z-scan technique. It was found to that they behaved as saturable absorber and self defocused in refraction which is essential for optical switching and limiting applications. Its second molecular hyperpolarizability (γ) at 532 nm was estimated to be 3.4746 × 10−9 esu.



One of the authors (P. R) expresses her gratitude to the Directorate of Collegiate Education, Government of Tamil Nadu, India for the financial assistance and the authors acknowledge. Dr. K. K. Maurya, Principal Scientist & Head, Crystal Growth and X-ray Analysis Division, New Delhi for HRXRD facility.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsBharathi Women’s CollegeChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsCPCL Polytechnic CollegeChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsPresidency CollegeChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsVIT UniversityChennaiIndia

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