Bismuth perovskite as a viable alternative to Pb perovskite solar cells: device simulations to delineate critical efficiency dynamics

  • Michael Pham
  • Jalen Harris
  • Jon Shaffer
  • Abishai Daniel
  • Shaestagir Chowdhury
  • Aboubakr Ali
  • Sankha Banerjee
  • Saquib AhmedEmail author


We have simulated the operation and functionality of a working Bi-based perovskite solar cell device using GPVDM and compared it against a Pb-based device. The results are extremely promising in that they showcase comparable cell efficiencies, with the Bi-based device showing a highest 20.0% efficiency (Jsc of 256 A.m-2, Voc of 1.04 V, FF of 0.75) at 450 nm active layer thickness compared to 23.4% of its Pb counterpart (Jsc of 349.3 A.m-2, Voc of 0.81 V, FF of 0.83) at 850 nm active layer thickness. The Bi-based device can thus be manufactured at approximately half its Pb-counterpart active layer thickness, to give its optimal efficiency value. A deeper study of each of the Jsc, Voc and FF trends provide keen insight into charge transfer kinetics within the device, paving the way to optimal experimental setups for fabricating the most efficient non-toxic perovskite devices.



SA thanks the MME department at Portland State University for granting him the Visitor Scholar position to start work on the solar project.


This work was supported by the New York Clean Energy Grant from SUNY Buffalo State.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Pham
    • 1
  • Jalen Harris
    • 5
  • Jon Shaffer
    • 1
  • Abishai Daniel
    • 2
  • Shaestagir Chowdhury
    • 3
  • Aboubakr Ali
    • 4
  • Sankha Banerjee
    • 5
  • Saquib Ahmed
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, SUNY - Buffalo StateBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Individual ContributorPortlandUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA
  4. 4.Center for Advanced Materials, Qatar UniversityDohaQatar
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical EngineeringCalifornia State UniversityFresnoUSA

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