On the possible conduction mechanisms in Rhenium/n-GaAs Schottky barrier diodes fabricated by pulsed laser deposition in temperature range of 60–400 K

  • Haziret Durmuş
  • Mert YıldırımEmail author
  • Şemsettin Altındal


This study presents electrical characteristics of n-GaAs based Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) with Rhenium (Re) rectifier contacts. The electrical characteristics of the Re/n-GaAs SBDs were investigated utilizing the forward bias current–voltage (IF–VF) data collected in temperature range of 60–400 K. The values of ideality factor (n) and zero-bias barrier height (ΦBo) were found as 9.10 and 0.11 eV for 60 K, and 1.384 and 0.624 eV for 400 K, respectively, on the basis of thermionic-emission theory. The conventional Richardson plot deviated from linearity at low temperatures and the Richardson constant value (A*) was obtained quite lower than the theoretical value for this semiconductor (8.16 A cm−2 K−2). nkT/qkT/q plot shows that the field-emission may be dominant mechanism at low temperatures as a result of tunneling via surface states since the studied n-GaAs’s doping concentration is on the order of 1018 cm−3, i.e. at high values so leads to tunneling. On the other hand, ΦBon, ΦBoq/2kT and (n−1 − 1)–q/2kT plots exhibit linearity but this linearity is observed for two temperature regions (60–160 K and 180–400 K) due the presence of double Gaussian distribution (GD) of the barrier height. Therefore, the standard deviation value was obtained from the plot of ΦBoq/2kT and it was used for modifying the conventional Richardson plot into the modified Richardson plot by which the values of mean barrier height and A* were obtained as 0.386 eV and 15.55 A cm−2 K−2 and 0.878 eV and 8.35 A cm−2 K−2 for the low and high temperature regions, respectively. As a result, IFVFT characteristics of the Re/n-GaAs SBDs were successfully elucidated by double-GD of barrier height.



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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceSelçuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringDüzce UniversityDüzceTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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