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Nanocellulose-derived carbon nanosphere fibers-based nanohybrid aerogel for high-performance all-solid-state flexible supercapacitors

  • Yanyan Lv
  • Yi Zhou
  • Ziqiang ShaoEmail author
  • Yanhua Liu
  • Jie Wei
  • Zhengqing Ye
Article
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

In order to meet the urgent needs of portable and flexible devices in today’s society, it is strongly demanded to develop a next-generation, low-cost, flexible, lightweight, and sustainable supercapacitor system with high electrochemical performance and good operational safety. Here, a new type of highly flexible and lightweight all-solid-state supercapacitor is developed by using the freestanding and highly porous nanohybrid aerogel films consisting of carbon nanosphere fibers (CNPFs)/molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) as electrodes and using H2SO4/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel as electrolyte. The CNPFs/MoS2/RGO nanohybrid aerogels are prepared by one-step pyrolysis of the nanocellulose fibers (NCFs)/MoS2/graphene oxide (GO) aerogels obtained via freeze-drying process. During the pyrolysis process, the NCFs is carbonized to CNPFs and the GO is thermally reduced to RGO. The as-prepared all-solid-state flexible supercapacitors exhibit high specific capacitance of 1144.3 F g−1 at 2 mV s−1 with good cycling stability of more than 98% of the capacitance is retained after 10,000 charge–discharge cycles at a current density of 5 mA cm−2. Moreover, they can deliver high energy density and power density which are up to 57.5 µW h cm−2 (28.8 W h kg−1) and 29.1 mW cm−2 (14.5 kW kg−1), respectively. Therefore, we provide the highly porous CNPFs/MoS2/RGO nanohybrid aerogels with characteristics of superior electrochemical performance, remarkable bending stability, environmental friendliness and low cost will be a potential promising electrode material for highly flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for the support of the Key Science and Technology Project of Jiangsu Province.

Supplementary material

10854_2019_1180_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (705 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 705 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Cellulose and Its Derivatives, School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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