Structural and ferroelectric properties of orthogonal crystalline in Fe-doped HoMnO3 synthesized at normal pressure

  • Yizhang Wu
  • Qiyun Xie
  • Meng Li
  • Xiaofan Sun
  • Hong-Ling CaiEmail author
  • X. S. WuEmail author


A typical multiferroic manganese oxide of HoMnO3 was partially substituted by Fe at Mn site. Orthogonal crystalline phase of HoMn1−xFexO3 was synthesized at normal pressure. This finding has changed the conventional method of synthesizing orthogonal crystalline phase of rare-earth manganese oxides under high-temperature and high-pressure. The doping of iron ions suppresses the formation of hexagonal phase as revealed from X-ray diffraction, Morphology analysis, Raman spectrum and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The doping of Fe3+ into HoMnO3 causes changes in the space group of the sample and ferroelectricity at room temperature. There are two phases with a ferroelectric space group of \({P6}_{3}cm\) and a paraelectric one of Pnma coexisted in Ho\({\text{Mn}}_{1-x}{Fe}_{x}{O}_{3}\) polycrystalline with x < 0.15 as revealed by the Rietveld refinement. With increasing of doping concentration, the proportion of \({P6}_{3}cm\) gradually decreases. When x > 0.15, the phase with \({P6}_{3}cm\) space group disappears, and samples have only one crystalline phase Pnma. We found that the sample remained ferroelectricity at room temperature in the process of changing the doping concentration. The ferroelectric property disappears until it completely changed to the orthogonal phase. The synthesis of orthogonal HoMnO3 at normal pressure has not been previously reported and potentially open up abroad research and application prospects.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundations of China (Grant Nos. 11574138, 11874200, 21427801), the Top-Notch Young Talents Program of China, the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0201104), and Dengfeng Project B of Nanjing University.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Lab of Solid State Microstructures, School of PhysicsNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Lab Radio Frequency & Micronano Elect JiangsuNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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