Effect of Zn incorporation on the electrochemical corrosion properties of SAC105 solder alloys
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The corrosion behaviour of lead-free solder alloy, Sn–1.0Ag–0.5Cu–XZn (X = 0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0) was investigated by polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometry and X-ray diffractometry upon exposure in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. The polarization curves showed that the addition of Zn in SAC105 solder alloy increased the corrosion current density and shifted the corrosion potential towards more negative values. The corrosion resistance of Sn–1.0Ag–0.5Cu–XZn alloys was reduced with the increase of Zn concentration. The EIS results were in consistent with the findings obtained from polarization curves. The corrosion products detected on the surface includes Sn3O(OH)2Cl2, SnO, SnO2 and ZnO.
Magnitude of impedance
Maximum phase angle
Corrosion current density
Critical current density
Passive current density
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support under the UMRG Project No.: RP013B-13AET provided by the University of Malaya, Malaysia.
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