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Aqueous V2O5/activated carbon zinc-ion hybrid capacitors with high energy density and excellent cycling stability

  • Xinpei Ma
  • Jinjie Wang
  • Xianli Wang
  • Ling Zhao
  • Chengjun XuEmail author
Article

Abstract

Hybrid metal-ion capacitors are designed to promote the energy density of supercapacitors with less sacrifice of power density. Zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitor, based on the multivalent ion storage principle, is a kind of energy storage device in which both the high energy density and power density can be achieved. Here, we propose a new configuration of zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitors composed of mild aqueous ZnSO4 electrolyte, activated carbon (AC) anode and V2O5 cathode. The operating voltage of the hybrid supercapacitor can reach to 2 V in the aqueous electrolyte when the mass ratio of AC to V2O5 is 1:1. The maximum energy density of zinc-ion hybrid capacitor is about 3.9 times higher than that of AC symmetric supercapacitor, while its maximum power density is 1.7 times higher than that of zinc-ion battery. The capacity retention of the hybrid supercapacitors is 97.3% over 6000 charge–discharge cycles at 0.5 A g−1. Compared with MnO2 zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitors system, the stable nature of V2O5 allows new zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitors system to achieve a better cycling performance. The unique electrochemical performance, low cost and high safety of the new zinc-ion hybrid supercapacitor endow it with a very wide range of applications in consumer electronics and stationary energy storage.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors appreciate the financial supports from Shenzhen Technical Plan Project (No. JCYJ20160301154114273), National Key Basic Research (973) Program of China (No. 2014CB932400), International Science & Technology Cooperation Program of China (No. 2016YFE0102200), and Local Innovative and Research Teams Project of Guangdong Pearl River Talents Program (2017BT01N111).

Supplementary material

10854_2019_841_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2765 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinpei Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jinjie Wang
    • 1
  • Xianli Wang
    • 1
  • Ling Zhao
    • 1
  • Chengjun Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Shenzhen Geim Graphene Center, Graduate School at ShenzhenTsinghua UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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