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Fabrication and characterization of polyaniline, polyaniline/MgO(30%) and polyaniline/MgO(40%) nanocomposites for their employment in LPG sensing at room temperature

  • Neetu Singh
  • Prabhat Kumar Singh
  • Mridula Singh
  • Poonam TandonEmail author
  • Saurabh Kumar Singh
  • Satyendra Singh
Article
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

Nanostructured polyaniline (PANI), PANI/MgO(30%) and PANI/MgO(40%) nanocomposites were successfully synthesized. Several characterization methods were employed to probe the optical, morphological, elemental and structural properties of PANI and PANI/MgO nanocomposites such as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD). SEM images of PANI and PANI/MgO nanocomposites showed the porosity of the synthesized materials. The XRD patterns of PANI, PANI/MgO(30%) and PANI/MgO(40%) were scrutinized to compute their crystallite sizes which were found to be 2 nm, 35 nm and 43 nm respectively. LPG sensing investigations were also performed at room temperature for the synthesized materials and their response and recovery times were calculated. PANI/MgO(40%) nanocomposites reflected the lower response and recovery times in comparison to PANI and PANI/MgO(30%).

Notes

Acknowledgements

N.S. and P.S. acknowledge support under CSIR-JRF [09/107(0365)/2013-EMR-I] and UGC-BSR [F25-1/2014-15(BSR) 7-177/2007(BSR)] respectively.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neetu Singh
    • 1
  • Prabhat Kumar Singh
    • 1
  • Mridula Singh
    • 1
  • Poonam Tandon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saurabh Kumar Singh
    • 2
  • Satyendra Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.Macromolecular Research Laboratory, Department of PhysicsUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPt.Deen Dayal Upadhyay Govt. Girls P.G. CollegeLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsMaharana Pratap Govt. P.G. CollegeHardoiIndia

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