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Neodymium doped on the manganese‒copper nanoferrites: analysis of structural, optical, dielectric and magnetic properties

  • R. Rajesh Kanna
  • K. SakthipandiEmail author
  • N. Lenin
  • E. James Jebaseelan Samuel
Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Mixed manganese‒neodymium‒copper (Mn–Nd–Cu) nanoferrites were synthesized using the sonochemical method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern showed a cubic spinel structure and lattice parameters were determined from the XRD spectra. Fourier transform infrared spectra were used to characterize the chemical bond of tetrahedral and octahedral sites in the spinel ferrites. The surface morphology and elemental composition were analyzed by scanning electron microscopes coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, which showed spherical elongated agglomeration with desired elemental peak. The optical bandgap energies increased with the inclusion of Nd3+, which was investigated using the UV-diffuse reflectance spectrum. The dielectric parameter decreased with an increase in frequency. The relatively low AC conductivity values were obtained for the Mn–Nd–Cu nanoferrites. The magnetic hysteresis curve showed that low coercivity indicates that the prepared nanoferrites had a soft magnetic material with ferromagnetic nature. The enhanced optical bandgap, decreased dielectric loss, and low coercivity of NMC4 indicated that the prepared nanoferrites could be used in electronic devices at a super high frequency.

Notes

Acknowledgements

K. S is grateful to the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), New Delhi, India, for providing the financial support to carry out this research work (Sanction no.: SR/FTP/PS-068/2014). R. R acknowledges that a part of the work (characterization only) was carried out at the CeNSE, under INUP, at IISc, which was sponsored by DeitY, MCIT, Government of India.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSethu Institute of TechnologyKariapattiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics, School of Advanced SciencesVIT UniversityVelloreIndia

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