Effect of temperature on electronic and electrical behavior of InGaN double hetero-junction p-i-n solar cells

  • Rabeb Belghouthi
  • Michel Aillerie
  • Amani Rached
  • Houcine Mejri


Optoelectronic systems based on elements of the nitride family, mainly, those based on GaN/InGaN alloys offer huge potentialities in solar cell applications, as example in concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) for the realization of solar photovoltaic cells (SPC), mainly thanks to the large tunability of the band-gap related to the ternary In-Ga-N concentrations in the layers. This paper investigates temperature effects on the electronic and electrical parameters, and thus efficiency of GaN/InGaN SPCs with respect to the N-face configuration. In an attempt to determine the energy bands all along with the cell’s photovoltaic parameters, a numerical model is proposed. The model considers the indium composition and the host lattice temperature. Moreover, the developed model highlights the polarization effects on the performances of nitride SPCs.


  1. 1.
    K.H. Lee, P.C. Chang, S.J. Chang, Microelectron. Eng. 104, 105–109 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.J. Wierer, A.J. Fischer, D.D. koleske, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051107 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Matioli, C. Neufeld, M. Iza, S.C. Cruz, A.A. Al-Heji, X. Chen, R.M. Farrell, S. Keller, S. DenBaars, U. Mishra, S. Nakamura, J. Speck, C. Weisbuch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021102 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Belghouthi, S. Taamalli, F. Echouchene, H. Mejri, H. Belmabrouk, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 40, 424–428 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Belghouthi, J.P. Salvestrini, M.H. Gazzeh, C. Chevalier, Superlattices Microstruct. 100, 168–178 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.Y. Chang, S.H. Yen, Y.A. Chang, Y.K. Kuo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 17–23 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.Y. Chang, Y.K. Kuo, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 033109 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. Gorge, A.M. Dubois, Z. Djebbour, K. Pantzas, S. Gautier, T. Moudakir, S. Suresh, A. Ougazzaden, Mater. Sci. and Eng. B 178, 142–148 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    X.M. Cai, S.W. Zeng, B.P. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 173504 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X.M. Cai, S.W. Zeng, B.P. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 24, 1266–1267 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A.T.M. Golam Sarwar, R.C. Myers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 143905–143910 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Asgari, Kh Khalili, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells. 95, 3124–3129 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Mesrane, A. Mahrane, F. Rahmoune, A. Oulebsir, J. Electron. Mater. 4, 2451–2459 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Ding, X. Wang, H.Xiao,C. Wang, H. Yin, H. Chen, C. Feng, L. Jiang, J. Alloys Compd. 523, 88–93 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    O. Ambacher, J. Majewski, C. Miskys, A. Link, M. Hermann, M. Eickhoff, M. Stutzmann, F. Bernardini, V. Fiorentini, V. Tilak, B. Schaff, L.F. Eastman, J. Phys. 14, 3399–3434 (2002)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Bernardini, V. Fiorentini, Phys. Rev. B .64, 085207 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, Z.L. Wang, Adv. Mater. 23, 3004–3013 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, Z.L. Wang, Energy Environ. Sci. 5, 6850–6856 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. Sacconi, A.D. Carlo, P. Lugli, H. Morkoç, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 48, 450–457 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Rached, A. Bhouri, S.Sakr,J.-L. Lazzari, H. Belmabrouk, Superlattices Microstruct. 91, 37–50 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y.C. Chang, K.Y. Tong, C. Surya, Semicond. sci. Technol. 20, 188–192 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Y.P. Varshni, Physica 34, 149–154 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Teisseyre, P. Perlin, T. Suski, I. Grzegory, S. Porowski, J. Jun, J.Appl. Phys. 76, 2429–2434 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y.S. Nam, J.S. Yoon, H.L. Juand, S.K. Chang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 65, 1068–1072 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. Zhang, E.J. Miller, E.T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4644–4646 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.E. Levinshtein, S.L. Rumyantsev, M. Shur, Wiley. 25, Chap. 1 (2001)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    I. Vurgaftman, J.R. Meyer, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3675 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M.O. Manasreh, Phys. Rev. B. 53, 16425 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    I. Vurgaftman, J.R. Meyer, L.R. Ram-Mohan, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5815 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    G.F. Brown, J.W. Ager III, W. Walukiewicz, J. Wu, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 94, 478–483 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Liu, D. Chen, K. Dong, H. Lu, R. Zhang, Y. Zheng, Z. Zhu, G. Wei, Z. Lin, Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 4, 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    N. Dharmarasu, K. Radhakrishnan, M. Agrawal, L. Ravikiran, S. Arulkumaran, K.E. Leel, N.G. Ing, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 9 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Y. El Gmili, G. Orsal, K. Pantzas, T. Moudakir, S. Sundaram, G. Patriache, J. Hester, A. Ahaitouf, J.P. Salvestrini, A. Ougazzaden, Acta Mater. 61, 6587–6596 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P.H. Biwole, P. Eclache, F. Kuznik, Energy Buildings 62, 59–67 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Hasanuzzaman, A.B.M.A. Malek, M.M. Islam, A.K. Pandey, N.A. Rahim, Solar Energy. 137, 25–45 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rabeb Belghouthi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michel Aillerie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amani Rached
    • 4
  • Houcine Mejri
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire Matériaux OptiquesPhotonique et Systèmes, LMOPS, Université de Lorraine, EA, 4423MetzFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire Matériaux OptiquesPhotonique et Systèmes, LMOPS, Université Paris-SaclayMetzFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Electronique et Micro-Electronique, Département de physique,Faculté des Sciences de MonastirMonastirTunisia
  4. 4.Department of Physics, College of scienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisel UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations