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Lightweight SrM/CCTO/rGO nanocomposites for optoelectronics and Ku band microwave absorption

  • J. Mohammed
  • Tchouank Tekou Carol T.
  • H. Y. Hafeez
  • D. Basandrai
  • Gopala Ram Bhadu
  • Sachin Kumar Godara
  • S. B. Narang
  • A. K. SrivastavaEmail author
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

In this research, nanocomposites comprising M-type strontium hexaferrites (SrM) SrFe12−xCsxO19 (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10), calcium copper titanate (CCTO) CaCu3Ti4−yAlyO12 (y = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been prepared. XRD patterns shows the presence of single phase nanocrystalline SrM and CCTO which is further supported by Raman spectroscopy and FTIR analysis. The presence of secondary phase such as α-Fe2O3, CaTiO3, and CuO has not been observed. Characteristics absorption bands of Cs-substituted SrM and Al-substituted CCTO were observed at 446, 551 and 605 cm−1, these peaks gives the idea of the formation of SrM and CCTO phase. The D and G bands of GO were observed at 1358 and 1604 cm−1 respectively, while that of the rGO were respectively observed at 1351 and 1595 cm−1. FESEM micrograph show the incorporated SrM nanoparticles, CCTO nanoparticles and rGO sheets, reduction in surface energy and magnetic dipolar interaction prompt the SrM nanoparticles to surround the CCTO nanoparticles and decorate the surface of the rGO sheets. The non-magnetic CCTO phase in the nanocomposites causes the tuning of the magnetic properties. The band gap obtained from UV–vis NIR spectroscopy is within the range of UV-blue LED application. The sample SCR3 shows a maximum reflection loss of − 16.0 dB at 18.0 GHz and matching thickness of 2 mm. The obtained reflection loss is attributed to multiple absorption mechanism as a result of improved impedance matching between the dielectric and magnetic loss absorbents.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Sophisticated Test and Instrumentation and Centre (STIC), Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala, India for UV–Vis-NIR Spectrophotometer characterization.

Supplementary material

10854_2019_690_MOESM1_ESM.docx (10.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 11210 KB)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Mohammed
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tchouank Tekou Carol T.
    • 1
  • H. Y. Hafeez
    • 2
    • 3
  • D. Basandrai
    • 1
  • Gopala Ram Bhadu
    • 4
  • Sachin Kumar Godara
    • 5
  • S. B. Narang
    • 6
  • A. K. Srivastava
    • 1
    Email author return OK on get
  1. 1.Department of Physics, School of Physical Sciences and Chemical EngineeringLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceFederal University DutseDutseNigeria
  3. 3.SRM Research InstituteSRM UniversityChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Analytic Division and Centralised Instrument FacilityCSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research InstituteBhavnagarIndia
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryGuru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsarIndia
  6. 6.Department of Electronics and CommunicationGuru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsarIndia

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