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Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 21, pp 17975–18010 | Cite as

Thiophene-based molecular and polymeric semiconductors for organic field effect transistors and organic thin film transistors

  • Fayaz Ali Larik
  • Muhammad Faisal
  • Aamer Saeed
  • Qamar Abbas
  • Mehar Ali Kazi
  • Nadir Abbas
  • Akbar Ali Thebo
  • Dost Muhammad Khan
  • Pervaiz Ali Channar
Review

Abstract

Organic electronics has been a popular field for the last two decades, due to its potential to commercialize cheap-price and large-area flexible electronics. The devices based on organic compounds heavily rely on organic semiconductors (OSs). Primary challenge for materials chemist is the new OSs construction that has ameliorated attainment in organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) and organic field effect transistors (OFETs). The construction of air-stable (stable in air) n-channel OSs (electron-conducting materials) is particularly needed with capability comparable to that of p-channel materials (hole-conducting materials). In the last 10 years, there have been significant advancements in thiophene-based OSs. Thiophene-mediated molecules have a prominent role in the advancement of OSs. The main significance in thiophene-based molecules is their cheap-price (in comparison to silicon), processability at low temperature, structural flexibility, ability to be applied on flexible substrates, and high charge transport characteristics. In this paper, we review the progress in the performance of thiophene-based OSs that has been reported in the last 18 years, with a major emphasis on the last 10 years. This approach provides a crisp introduction to organic devices and catalogs progress toward the fabrication of thiophene containing p, n and ambipolar channel OSs, and discusses their characteristics. Finally, review discusses current challenges and future research directions for thiophene based OSs. This review would be beneficial for further developments in the technological performance. Moreover, this review will serve to accelerate knowledge and lays the foundation for improved applications. Hopefully, this struggle pushes the reader’s mind to consider new perspectives, think differently and forge new connections.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryQuaid-I-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan
  3. 3.Institute of BiochemistryUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryNational Centre for Nanoscience and TechnologyBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Hai’lHai’lKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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