Synthesis of novel counter electrode by combination of mesoporous–macroporous CZTS films for enhanced performance of quantum-dots sensitized solar cells
This present study aims to manifest the potential of CZTS films as a low-cost counter electrode (CE) in quantum-dots sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs). Hitherto, numerous researchers have reported the application of either CZTS nano particles or films as a counter electrode in dye sensitized solar cells. However, its use in QDSSCs is scarcely reported. Herein, CdS quantum-dots sensitized ZnO film is used as photoanode. In the beginning, as a counter electrode, two different CZTS films (mesoporous and macroporous) are prepared using two different deposition techniques (spray pyrolysis and spin coating, respectively). For the meso-CZTS film, high VOC and FF are observed, whereas, for the macro-CZTS film, high JSC is observed. Hence, to take the advantage of both, subsequently, a film (meso–macro-CZTS) comprising mesoporous film upon the macroporous film is prepared and applied as CE. For the meso–macro-CZTS, substantial enhancement in power conversion efficiency (PCE) is observed. Additionally, to compare the results with commonly reported CEs (SnS/FTO and Pt–FTO) are also applied in QDSSCs. Moreover, to improve the PCE combination of these CEs along with meso–macro-CZTS, for instance, CZTS/SnS/FTO and CZTS/Pt–FTO are also applied as CE. The highest efficiency of 4.34% is achieved with CZTS/Pt–FTO.
The authors would like to thank Chemical Engineering Department, S.V. National Institute for providing facilities to carry out experimental work and sophisticated analytical instrument facility S.V. National Institute of Technology for rendering analytical service for this work.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
- 3.M. Lohrasbi, P. Pattanapanishsawat, M. Isenberg, S.S.C. Chuang, Degradation study of dye-sensitized solar cells by electrochemical impedance and FTIR spectroscopy, in 2013 IEEE Energytech. https://doi.org/10.1109/EnergyTech.2013.6645304
- 14.S.B. Patel, J.V. Gohel, in Photocatalytic Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications, ed. by R.J. Tayade, V. Gandhi (Materials Research Forum LLC, Millersville, PA, 2018), pp. 370–404Google Scholar
- 15.S.B. Patel, J.V. Gohel, Phys. Astron. Int. J. 1, 1 (2017)Google Scholar
- 25.S.B. Patel, J.V. Gohel, in 9th International Conference on Agriculture Chemistry Biology Environmental Science (DiRPUB, Dubai, 2017), pp. 177–182Google Scholar