Effect of spark plasma sintering on microstructure and electrical properties of ZnO-based varistors

  • Faiçal KharchoucheEmail author
  • Saâd Belkhiat


Conditions for the elaboration of varistors by spark plasma sintering (SPS) are investigated, using 70 nm zinc oxide nano-particles. For this purpose, the system constituted of zinc oxide, bismuth oxide and other metal oxide is used. Material sintering has been performed by SPS at various temperatures and dwell times. Determination of the microstructure and chemical composition of the as-prepared ceramics are characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Micro-structural analysis revealed the presence of ZnO, spinel and bismuth rich phases. ZnO based Varistor samples sintered within climb speeds 100 and 400 °C/min are compared. The nonlinear electrical characteristics, current–voltage, are measured. The breakdown voltage of the varistors strongly depends on grain sizes. The results show that the best varistors are obtained by SPS at sintering temperatures ranging from 900 to 1200 °C.



F. Kharchouche thanks the PROFAS 537/ENS/FR2012-2013 and 35/ENS/FR/2013-2014 Program for its financial support. I thank the laboratory director LMCPA and her team, University of Valenciennes and the research laboratories of the University Ferhat Abbas Setif I for their help.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Dosage Analyse Caractérisation Haute Résolution, Département de l’électrotechnique, Faculté de technologieUniversité Ferhat Abbas Sétif 1SétifAlgeria

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