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Aging and thermal stability of [001]c- and [111]c-poled 0.63Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.37PbTiO3 single crystals

  • Zhongyuan Yuan
  • Shijing Sang
  • Enwei Sun
  • Rui Zhang
  • Bin Yang
  • Wenwu Cao
Article
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

The aging characteristics and thermal stability of [001]c- and [111]c-poled tetragonal 0.63Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.37PbTiO3 single crystals have been studied. For [001]c-poled crystal, the d33, \(\varepsilon _{{33}}^{T}\), kt, and k33 increase slightly during the aging process due to the gradual depolarization of the single-domain state. On the contrary, the electromechanical properties of [111]c-poled crystal decrease quickly with the aging time due to the growth and combination of micro-domains. The temperature-dependent electromechanical properties indicate that the [111]c-poled multi-domain crystal is more stable than [001]c-poled single-domain crystal. In addition, the second poling can effectively enhance the piezoelectric constant d33 of the [111]c-oriented multi-domain crystals from 1032 pC/N after the first poling to 1247 pC/N.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported in part by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) under Grant No. 2013CB632900, and the NSFC under Grant No. 51572056, and 11304061.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Condensed Matter Science and Technology Institute and Department of PhysicsHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Materials Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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