Aging and thermal stability of [001]c- and [111]c-poled 0.63Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.37PbTiO3 single crystals

  • Zhongyuan Yuan
  • Shijing Sang
  • Enwei SunEmail author
  • Rui ZhangEmail author
  • Bin Yang
  • Wenwu Cao


The aging characteristics and thermal stability of [001]c- and [111]c-poled tetragonal 0.63Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.37PbTiO3 single crystals have been studied. For [001]c-poled crystal, the d33, \(\varepsilon _{{33}}^{T}\), kt, and k33 increase slightly during the aging process due to the gradual depolarization of the single-domain state. On the contrary, the electromechanical properties of [111]c-poled crystal decrease quickly with the aging time due to the growth and combination of micro-domains. The temperature-dependent electromechanical properties indicate that the [111]c-poled multi-domain crystal is more stable than [001]c-poled single-domain crystal. In addition, the second poling can effectively enhance the piezoelectric constant d33 of the [111]c-oriented multi-domain crystals from 1032 pC/N after the first poling to 1247 pC/N.



This research was supported in part by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) under Grant No. 2013CB632900, and the NSFC under Grant No. 51572056, and 11304061.


  1. 1.
    F. Wang, L. Luo, D. Zhou, X. Zhao, H. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 212903 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Cao, H.S. Luo, Ferroelectrics 274, 309 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. He, D. Zhou, F. Wang, H. Xu, D. Lin, H. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 086107 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Jing, L. Zheng, W. Lü, Z. Xi, P. Zheng, J. Du, R. Zhang, Phys. Status Solidi B. 253, 1994 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Li, S. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Wei, J. Luo, T.R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 034106 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.I. Morozov, CrystEngComm 20, 3409 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Liu, W. Jiang, J. Zhu, W. Cao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 162901 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Noheda, D.E. Cox, G. Shirane, J. Gao, Z.G. Ye, Phys. Rev. B 66, 054104 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Zhang, B. Jiang, W. Cao, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3471 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Lu, Z. Wang, H. Chen, J. Ge, CrystEngComm 19, 1896 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. Sun, W. Cao, Prog. Mater Sci. 65, 124 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Zhang, W.H. Jiang, B. Jiang, W.W. Cao, AIP Conf. Proc. 626, 188 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Zhang, F. Li, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 031301 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Q. Zhou, K.H. Lam, H. Zheng, W. Qiu, K.K. Shung, Prog. Mater. Sci. 66, 87 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Zheng, Y. Jing, X. Lu, R. Wang, G. Liu, W. Lu, R. Zhang, W. Cao, Phys. Rev. B 93, 094104 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    X. Liu, D. Wu, B. Fang, J. Ding, X. Li, X. Zhao, H. Luo, J. Ko, C.W. Ahn, Appl. Phys. A 119, 1469 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Luo, S. Zhang, Q. Li, Q. Yan, Y. Zhang, T. Ansell, J. Luo, T.R. Shrout, J. Mater. Chem. C. 4, 4568 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E.V. Colla, L.K. Chao, M.B. Weissman, D.D. Viehland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3033 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E.V. Colla, L.K. Chao, M.B. Weissman, Phys. Rev. B 63, 134107 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Z. Feng, X. Zhao, H. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024104 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Zhang, F. Li, X. Jiang, J. Kim, J. Luo, X. Geng, Prog. Mater. Sci. 68, 1 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Vailionis, H. Boschker, W. Siemons, E.P. Houwman, D.H.A. Blank, G. Rijnders, G. Koster, Phys. Rev. B 83, 064101 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Song, H.X. Wang, H.S. Luo, Ferroelectrics 322, 39 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. Ahluwalia, T. Lookman, A. Saxena, W.W. Cao, Phys. Rev. B 72, 014112 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Damjanovic, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 1267 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    X. Liu, B. Fang, Z. Chen, J. Ding, X. Zhao, H. Xu, H. Luo, Ferroelectrics 467, 115 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    O. Noblanc, P. Gaucher, G. Calvarin, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 4291 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Davis, D. Damjanovic, N. Setter, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 084103 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Condensed Matter Science and Technology Institute and Department of PhysicsHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Materials Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations