Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 17, pp 14783–14787 | Cite as

Low-temperature, aqueous solution-processed V2O5 as the hole-transport layer for high performance organic solar cells

  • Mei-Feng XuEmail author
  • Tian Xu
  • Chao-Nan Wang
  • Zhi-Chun Zhai
  • Yong-Long JinEmail author
  • Xiao-Hua YangEmail author


Organic solar cells were fabricated with solution-processed V2O5 as anode buffer layers, we report a novel interface engineered of V2O5 with efficient charge transport in the devices. Solution-processed V2O5 thin films have been easily obtained by dissolving the V2O5 powder directly into water in air. V2O5 film present good contact between the interface of ITO and active layer. Furthermore, the optical field intensity |E|2 for the device with V2O5 layer is enhanced in active layer compared to PEDOT:PSS based device, which result in improved Jsc. The V2O5 device exhibits 8.05% high power conversion efficiency, conventional PEDOT:PSS device obtained only 7.46% efficiency.



We acknowledge financial support from the Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61701261, 61601249, and 61371057), the Natural Science Foundation of Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province (No. 06030015), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20160417), the Foundation of Nan Tong University (No. 03081016), the student innovation and entrepreneurship training program of Nan Tong University (Nos. 2018032, 2018041).


  1. 1.
    R.A.J. Janssen, J. Nelson, Adv. Mater. 25, 1847–1858 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Teran-Escobar, J. Pampel, J.M. Caicedo, M. Lira-Cantu, Energy Environ. Sci. 6, 3088–3098 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Zhang, L. Ye, J. Hou, Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502529 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z. He, C. Zhong, S. Su, M. Xu, H. Wu, Y. Cao, Nat. Photon. 6, 593–597 (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Huang, Sci. China 60, 433–434 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Steim, F.R. Kogler, C.J. Brabec, J. Mater. Chem. 20, 2499–2512 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Borse, R. Sharma, H.P. Sagar, P.A. Reddy, D. Gupta, A. Yella, Org. Electron. 41, 280–286 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Jung, J. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Myeon Lee, C. Yang, H. Park, 2d Mater. 4, 045004 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Cao, G. Yu, C. Zhang, R. Menon, A.J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 87, 171–174 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Granström, K. Petritsch, A.C. Arias, A. Lux, M.R. Andersson, R.H. Friend, Nature 395, 257 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Alem, R.D. Bettignies, J.M. Nunzi, M. Cariou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2178–2180 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y.A.M. Ismail, N. Kishi, T. Soga, Thin Solid Films 616, 73–79 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Andreasen, D.M. Tanenbaum, M. Hermenau, E. Voroshazi, M.T. Lloyd, Y. Galagan, B. Zimmernann, S. Kudret, W. Maes, L. Lutsen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 11780–11799 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. Tanenbaum, M. Hermenau, E. Voroshazi, M. Lloyd, Y. Galagan, B. Zimmermann, M. Hosel, H. Dam, M. Jorgensen, S. Gevorgyan, Rsc Adv. 2, 882–893 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.G. Varnamkhasti, H.R. Fallah, M. Mostajaboddavati, R. Ghasemi, A. Hassanzadeh, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 98, 379–384 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Tao, S. Ruan, G. Xie, X. Kong, L. Shen, F. Meng, C. Liu, X. Zhang, W. Dong, W. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 29 (2009)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M.F. Xu, L.S. Cui, X.Z. Zhu, C.H. Gao, X.B. Shi, Z.M. Jin, Z.K. Wang, L.S. Liao, Org. Electron. Phys. Mater. Appl. 14, 657–664 (2013)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.K.K. Kyaw, X.W. Sun, C.Y. Jiang, G.Q. Lo, D.W. Zhao, D.L. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 222 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F.A.S. Lima, M.J. Beliatis, B. Roth, T.R. Andersen, A. Bortoti, Y. Reyna, E. Castro, I.F. Vasconcelos, S.A. Gevorgyan, F.C. Krebs, Appl Mater. 4, 212–215 (2016)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. Zilberberg, S. Trost, J. Meyer, A. Kahn, A. Behrendt, D. Lützenkirchen-Hecht, R. Frahm, T. Riedl, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 4776–4783 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Hajzeri, A. Vuk, L.S. Perše, M. Čolović, B. Herbig, U. Posset, M. Kržmanc, B. Orel, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 62–72 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    D.D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y.Y. Ma, H.X. Wei, Q.D. Ou, Q.K. Wang, L. Zhou, S.T. Lee, Y.Q. Li, J.X. Tang, Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    B. Rand, D. Cheyns, B. Kam, US8592804 (2013)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. Sun, C.J. Takacs, S.R. Cowan, J.H. Seo, X. Gong, A. Roy, A.J. Heeger, Adv. Mater. 23, 2226–2230 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y.C. Tseng, A.U. Mane, J.W. Elam, S.B. Darling, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 235–239 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Qin, G. Fang, F. Cheng, W. Ke, H. Lei, H. Wang, X. Zhao, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 2963 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y.Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, B. Xu, C. Zhan, L. Mai, X. Lu, W. You, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 11658 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Z. Tan, W. Zhang, C. Cui, Y. Ding, D. Qian, Q. Xu, L. Li, S. Li, Y. Li, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 14589–14595 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Zilberberg, S. Trost, H. Schmidt, T. Riedl, Adv. Energy Mater. 1, 377–381 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H.Q. Wang, N. Li, N.S. Guldal, C.J. Brabec, Org. Electron. 13, 3014–3021 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    F. Xie, W.C. Choy, C. Wang, X. Li, S. Zhang, J. Hou, Adv. Mater. 25, 2051–2055 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    I. Hancox, L.A. Rochford, D. Clare, M. Walker, J.J. Mudd, P. Sullivan, S. Schumann, C.F. Mcconville, T.S. Jones, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 49–57 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    D.S. Su, M. Wieske, E. Beckmann, A. Blume, G. Mestl, R. Schlögl, Catal. Lett. 75, 81–86 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Murase, Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 24, 2459–2462 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    C.V. Ramana, O.M. Hussain, B.S. Naidu, P.J. Reddy, Thin Solid Films 305, 219–226 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nantong UniversityNantongChina
  2. 2.Nantong Institute of TechnologyNantongChina

Personalised recommendations