Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 17, pp 14557–14566 | Cite as

Structural and dielectric behaviour analysis of TiO2 addition on the ceramic matrix BiVO4

  • R. G. M. OliveiraEmail author
  • G. S. Batista
  • J. E. V. de Morais
  • M. M. Costa
  • M. A. S. Silva
  • J. W. O. Bezerra
  • A. S. B. SombraEmail author


In this work, the dielectric and electric properties of the ceramic matrix BiVO4 (BVO) and the effects of the addition of TiO2 were analysed by impedance spectroscopy (IS). The BVO phase was calcined at 773 K and used to prepare the composite ceramic which the titanium oxide was added (15, 30 and 60 wt% TiO2), molded in pellet shape and sintered at 1073 K. These samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The thermo-activated charge transfer process for the ceramics BVO with the respective additions was observed and the electric results were compared with the electric response of equivalent circuit composed of three associations in parallel with R-CPE and represented by the Nyquist diagram. At room temperature and in the frequency range of 1 Hz, the samples presented high relative permittivity, εr = 26k to approximately 35k, and a dielectric loss at the order of 10−2 at 1 MHz. The composites presented negative and positive values of the temperature coefficient of capacitance (TCC) along TiO2 composition. Through IS coupled with temperature variation, the activation energies were measured; the values showed decrease with increasing withTiO2 concentration.



The authors are grateful to CNPq (402045/2013-0), the US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) (FA9550-16-1-0127), CNPq (Process: 402561/2007-4, Edital MCT/CNPq nº 10/2007) for providing financial support and Foundation for Research Support of the State of Mato Grosso (FAPEMAT).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Telecommunication Engineering DepartmentFederal University of Ceará (UFC)FortalezaBrazil
  2. 2.LOCEM-Telecommunication and Materials Science and Engineering of Laboratory (LOCEM), Physics DepartmentFederal University of Ceará (UFC)FortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Institute of PhysicsLACANM, UFMTCuiabáBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratorio de Redes de Comunicação e Segurança (LARCES)Universidade Estadual do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  5. 5.

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