Facile one-step synthesis of TiO2 microrods surface modified with Cr2O3 nanoparticles for acetone sensor applications
- 9 Downloads
The paper demonstrated cost-effective one-step hydrothermal process to synthesize TiO2 microrods modified with Cr2O3 nanoparticles. The crystal structure, microstructure and chemical composition of the obtained materials were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and EDS analysis. Subsequently, for gas sensor tests the sensors were fabricated onto a ceramic tube having a designed pair of Au electrodes with four Pt wires. The results indicate that the sensors based on the optimal content of Cr2O3 nanoparticles modified TiO2 microrods possess excellent gas-sensing performance to acetone. Specifically, the sensor based on optimal 3% Cr2O3 modified TiO2 microrods exhibited high response (15), fast response/recovery time (5/28 s), outstanding selectivity (against 100 ppm ethanol, methanol and formaldehyde) and good stability (1–40 days) towards 100 ppm acetone at 300 °C. Relying on the analysis, we infer that performance can be controlled by varying the Cr2O3 contents. A plausible sensing mechanism is also discussed to explain the reasons for the enhanced acetone sensing with Cr2O3–TiO2 heterostructures.
This research was financially supported by the Funding of “Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province” (BK20170795) and “Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions” (PAPD). This work was also supported by “Six Talent Peaks Project of Jiangsu Province” (YPC16005-PT) and “Postgraduate Research and Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province” (KYCX_0255).
- 20.B.D. Cullity, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1978)Google Scholar
- 24.G. Chen, J. Chen, Z. Song, C. Srinivasakannan, J. Peng, A new highly efficient method for the synthesis of rutile TiO2. J. Alloys Compd. 585, 74–77 (2014)Google Scholar
- 35.J. Esmaeilzadeh, S. Ghashghaie, P.S. Khiabani, A. Hosseinmardi, E. Marzbanrad, B. Raissi, C. Zamani, Effect of dispersant on chain formation capability of TiO2 nanoparticles under low frequency electric fields for NO2 gas sensing applications. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34, 1201–1208 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar