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Green synthesis and characterization of magnetic NiFe2O4@ZnO nanocomposite and its application for photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes

  • Sajjad Moradi
  • Saeid Taghavi Fardood
  • Ali RamazaniEmail author
Article
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, for the first time, magnetic NiFe2O4@ZnO nanocomposite was synthesized using tragacanth gel by the novel sol–gel method. NiFe2O4@ZnO magnetic nanocomposite was investigated using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The NiFe2O4@ZnO MNCs exhibit ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature, with a saturation magnetization of 15.22 emu/g and a coercivity of 150 Oe. XRD results show that NiFe2O4@ZnO nanocomposite corresponds to the hexagonal wurtzite of ZnO and the spinel cubic structure of NiFe2O4. The present magnetic nanocomposite displays high photocatalytic activity for the removal of direct blue 129 dye and reactive blue 21 dye under irradiation with visible light. The results demonstrated that the catalyst can degrade ca. 98% of the direct blue 129 and ca. 96% of the reactive blue 21 dyes. The current nanocomposite can be separated from the reaction mixture using an external permanent magnet and its high performance saved even after recycling fifth times.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajjad Moradi
    • 1
  • Saeid Taghavi Fardood
    • 1
  • Ali Ramazani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of ZanjanZanjanIran
  2. 2.Research Institute of Modern Biological Techniques (RIMBT)University of ZanjanZanjanIran

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