Advertisement

Preparation and luminescent properties of new YAG:Ce3+ phosphor in glass (PIG) for white LED applications

  • Sanchuan Cui
  • Guohua Chen
  • Yong Chen
  • Xiangyu Liu
Article
  • 88 Downloads

Abstract

A yellow-emitting phosphor-in-glass (PIG) material was synthesized by dispersing commercial YAG:Ce3+ phosphor powder in homemade host glass prepared by melting-quenching method. The phase composition, microstructure and photoluminescence properties of PIG were investigated by means of XRD, SEM, fluorescence spectrophotometer and optoelectronic testing system. The results showed that the YAG:Ce3+ phosphor particles were uniformly distributed and well preserved in glass matrix without any decomposition reaction. The bulk PIG can be efficiently exited by 460 nm to emit a broad yellow emission peak (530 nm) attributed to 5d → 4f transition of Ce3+ ion. The optimal luminous property of PIG can be achieved when YAG:Ce3+ phosphor concentration, melting temperature and thickness are 8 wt%, 950 °C and 1.5 mm, respectively. Under driving current of 540 mA, the luminous efficiency of the white LED device packaged by the as-prepared PIG and blue LED chip is 98 lm/W, and its color coordinate, color temperature and color rendering index are (0.300, 0.339), 7125 K and 71, respectively. This finding shows potential applications in white LEDs for the as-prepared PIG material.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Province (2017GXNSFDA198023).

References

  1. 1.
    E.F. Schubert, J.K. kim, Solid-state light sources getting smart. Science 308, 1274–1278 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D.Q. Chen, W.D. Xiang, X.J. Liang, J.S. Zhong, Advances in transparent glass-ceramic phosphor for white light-emitting diodes—a review. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35, 859–869 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Ye, F. Xiao, Y.X. Pan, Q.Y. Zhang, Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: recent advances in materials, technique and properties. Mater. Sci. Eng. R. 71, 1–34 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.J. Xie, N. Hirosake, Y.Q. Li, T. Takeda, Rare-earth activated nitride phosphors: synthesis, luminescence and applications. Materials 3, 3777–3793 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. Holonyak, S.F. Bevacqua, Coherent (visible) light emission from Ca (As1−xPx) junctions. Appl. Phys. Lett. 1(4), 82–83 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R.J. Xie, N. Hirosake, Silicon-based oxynitride and nitride phosphors for white LEDs—a review. Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 8, 588–600 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.C. Lin, R.S. Liu, Advances in phosphors for light-emitting diodes. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 1268–1277 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y.X. Pan, Y.Y. Ma, Q.Y. Zhang, Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: recent advances in materials, tech-nique and properties. Mater. Sci. Eng. R. 71, 1–34 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.L. Jin, P. Arunkumar, K. Sunghoon, I.J. Lee, Smart design to resolve spectral overlapping of phosphor-in-glass for high-powered remote-type white light-emitting devices. Opt. Lett. 39, 762–765 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Wang, C.C. Tsai, W.C. Cheng, M.H. Chen, High thermal stability of phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes employing Ce:YAG-doped glass. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 741–745 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Q.Q. Zhu, X. Xu, L. Wang, Z.F. Tian, Y.Z. Xu, A robust red-emitting phosphor-in-glass (PIG) for use in white lighting sources pumped by blue laser diodes. J. Alloys Compd. 702, 193–198 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Xiang, X.J. Liang, Q. Xi, Z.F. Yuan, C. Chen, W.D. Xiang, A chromaticity-tunable white LED by screen-printing red phosphor coating on PIG plates. Ceram. Int. 42, 19285–19291 (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Wei, T.C. Lu, F. Li, W. Zhang, B.Y. Ma, Z.W. Lu, J.Q. Qi, Transparent Ce:Y3Al5O12 ceramic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes. Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 216–225 (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.Y. Qian, F. Hu, H.Y. Wu, Y. Luo, Packaging technique of high power white LED. Semicond. Optoelectron. 26, 118–120 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, Y. Fujimoto, Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED. Opt. Mater. 33, 688–691 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Wang, L. Mei, G. He, J. Li, L. Xu, J. Am, Preparation of Ce:YAG glass-ceramics with low SiO2. Ceram. Soc. 94, 3800–3803 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Keshavarzi, W. Wisniewski, C. Russel, Dendritic growth of yttrium aluminum garnet from an oxide melt in the system SiO2–Al2O3–Y2O3–CaO. CrystEngComm 14, 6904–6909 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    X.J. Zhang, J.B. Yu, J. Wang, B.F. Lei, Y.L. Liu, Y.J. Cho, All-inorganic light convertor based on phosphor-in-glass engineering for next-generation modular high-brightness white LEDs/LDs. ACS Photonics 4, 986–995 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y.L. Yu, D.Q. Chen, J. Xu, Y.S. Wang, A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass. Laser Photonics Rev. 8, 158–164 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G.H. Liu, Z.Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J.Q. Wan, Y.B. Pan, Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: thickness effects and high temperature performance. Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y.K. Lee, J.S. Lee, J. Heo, W.B. Im, W.J. Chung, Phosphor in glasses with Pb-free silicate glass powders as robust color-converting materials for white LED applications. Opt. Lett. 37, 3276–3278 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.T. Fan, X.Q. Yuan, R.H. Li, H.X. Dong, J. Wang, L. Zhang, Intense photoluminescence at 2.7 µm in transparent Er3+:CaF2-fluorophosphate glass micro composite. Opt. Lett. 36, 4347–4349 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Cao, L.C. Wu, X.X. Di, P.Z. Li, G.C. Hu, X.J. Liang, A WLED based on LuAG:Ce3+ PIG coated red-emitting K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor by screen-printing. Opt. Mater. 70, 92–98 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanchuan Cui
    • 1
  • Guohua Chen
    • 1
  • Yong Chen
    • 1
  • Xiangyu Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Material Science and Engineering, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Information MaterialsGuilin University of Electronic TechnologyGuilinChina

Personalised recommendations