Comparative study of interfacial interaction between aromatic and aliphatic functional group in solder wettability

  • Norliza Ismail
  • Roslina IsmailEmail author
  • Azman Jalar
  • Ghazali Omar
  • Emee Marina Salleh
  • Norinsan Kamil
  • Irman Abdul Rahman


The effect of using different flux on wettability of Sn-Ag-Cu lead free solder were investigated. In this study, solder paste Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (SAC305) was used by introducing two types of no-clean flux with different ingredients. The solders namely as SAC305-A and SAC305-B respectively. Then, the both solder paste manually printed on printed circuit board (PCB) using stencil printing and then reflowed at 260 °C temperature. Wettability of Sn-Ag-Cu solder using different flux was determined by contact angle measurement using Alicona ® IFM software. Results show the SAC305-A solder alloys have a good and better wettability with lower contact angle compared to SAC305-B. Functional groups of both solder flux was identified by FTIR analysis. Meanwhile XPS analysis was performed in characterizing the studied fluxes. It was found that no-clean flux solder with aromatic functional groups showed lower contact angle value and better wettability than aliphatic contained functional groups.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of this work from Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia through My Brain 15 PHD scholarship programme and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) for research grants GGPM-2017-048 and DPP-2015-042.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norliza Ismail
    • 1
  • Roslina Ismail
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Azman Jalar
    • 1
  • Ghazali Omar
    • 3
  • Emee Marina Salleh
    • 4
  • Norinsan Kamil
    • 4
  • Irman Abdul Rahman
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronic (IMEN)Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Division of Fine Arts, Cultural CentreUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTEM)MelakaMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of Materials Science, Faculty Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia
  5. 5.Department of Nuclear ScienceUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia

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