Effect of magnesium deficiency on magnetic properties tuning and cation redistributions of magnesium ferrite nanoparticles

  • Zein K. Heiba
  • Mohamed Bakr MohamedEmail author


Magnesium nano ferrite Mg1−xFe2O4 with deficient Mg (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) has been prepared with the co-precipitation method. The Mg deficiency was examined from the samples elemental compositions obtained by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The impact of the Mg deficiency on the structural and magnetic characteristics has been inspected applying X-ray diffraction, Fourier transforms infrared and vibrating sample magnetometer. The structural analysis applying Rietveld method indicated the variation of cation distribution between the octahedral B-site and tetrahedral A-site with the Mg content. The lattice parameter, crystallite size, oxygen coordinates, bond angles and bond lengths are calculated as the function of Mg-deficient content in the samples. From the analysis, the defect spinel structure Mg1−xFe2O4 with Mg2+ deficiency could be considered as a solid solution of stoichiometric (1-x)MgFe2O4 and (x)\({\text{Fe}}_{{2.667}}^{{3+}}{\square _{0.333}}{{\text{O}}_4}\), (□ symbolize cation vacancies) which corresponding to a general formula \(({\text{Mg}}_{{y - x}}^{{2+}}{\text{Fe}}_{{1 - y}}^{{3+}})[{\text{Mg}}_{{1 - y}}^{{2+}}{\text{Fe}}_{{1+y - x/3}}^{{3+}}{\square _{x/3}}]{{\text{O}}_4}\). Fourier transform infrared was used to identify the different ions (Fe3+, Fe2+, Mg2+) in each sample and their location either in A or B sites. The magnetic measurement showed that the samples exhibited a superparamagnetic behavior. Yafet-Kittel and core–shell models were applied in order to understand the samples magnetic behavior. The competition between the amount of Fe2+ in B site and crystallite size controlled the coercivity and magnetocrystalline anisotropy behavior of the samples.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceTaibah UniversityAl-Madinah Al-MunawaraSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceAin shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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