Microstructures and energy storage property of sandwiched BZT-BCT@Fe3O4/polyimide composites
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In this paper, the sandwich structured polyimide composite films were studied, in which two layers of pure polyimide films were covered on both sides of BZT-BCT@Fe3O4/PI composite films. The result indicated that composite films with doped BZT-BCT@Fe3O4 had a significant performance in dielectric properties. The phases and microstructures of BZT-BCT@Fe3O4 and sandwiched composite films were studied by means of XRD, TEM and SEM. It was found that Fe3O4 was present and randomly coated on BZT-BCT. The measured dielectric properties of the composite films show great increased dielectric constant. The dielectric strength of the composite films decreases with the volume fraction raising, however, the relatively high values can be obtained when the fillers content is lower than 5 vol.%. The energy storage density increases significantly at small volume fractions, but decreases significantly at 7 vol.% due to reduced dielectric strength. On the whole, the composite films exhibit higher energy storage density and excellent discharge efficiency when the volume fraction is less than 7%, and the discharge efficiency is still higher than 85% at 265 kV/mm.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation of China (61640019), the Open Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices (KFJJ201601), Science Funds for the Young Innovative Talents of HUST (201102).
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