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Synthesis and characterization of photoactive material Cu2NiSnS4 thin films

  • Adel ChihiEmail author
  • Mohamed Fethi Boujmil
  • Brahim Bessais
Article
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Abstract

In this work, we fabricated photoactive material copper–nickel–tin–sulphide Cu2NiSnS4 (CNTS) thin films on indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrates via an easy electrodeposition technique. The CNTS films have been characterized by different methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV–vis spectrophotometer, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Hall effect measurements. Both XRD patterns and Raman spectra confirmed the formation of a polycrystalline CNTS single phase without any secondary phases. AFM studies of the CNTS samples showed that morphology depends on the electrodeposition time. It was also found that the optical band gap redshifts from 1.74 to 1.52 eV as the film thickness rises from 450 to 1560 nm. The Nyquist plots obtained from EIS of the planar junction CNTS/electrolyte showed the existence of one semicircle, which was modeled by an equivalent electrical circuit thanks to the Randles model. The best photocathode for PEC water splitting was obtained for the sample with the optimized thickness of 1250 nm. From Hall effect measurement, it is inferred that the CNTS thin films of thickness 1250 nm have a positive Hall coefficient (RH), carrier’s density ~ 2.9 × 1016 cm−3, Hall mobility ~ 120 cm2 V−1 s−1 and electrical resistivity ~ 0.54 Ω cm.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors appreciatively acknowledge financial support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Technology of Tunisia.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel Chihi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed Fethi Boujmil
    • 1
  • Brahim Bessais
    • 1
  1. 1.Photovoltaic Laboratory, Research and Technology Centre of EnergyBorj-Cedria Technology ParkHammam LifTunisia

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