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Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 22, pp 19180–19191 | Cite as

Enhancement of degradation of mordant orange, safranin-O and acridine orange by CuS nanoparticles in the presence of H2O2 in dark and in ambient light

  • Fizza Siddique
  • M. A. Rafiq
  • M. F. Afsar
  • M. M. Hasan
  • M. M. Chaudhry
Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

CuS nanoparticles synthesized by solid-state reaction were used to remove Mordant Orange (MO), Acridine Orange (AO), and Safranin-O (SO) from water. Average diameter, band gap and surface area of CuS nanoparticles were 50 nm, 3.2 eV and 1.52 m2/g respectively. CuS nanoparticles removed 22%, 45%, 51% SO, AO, and MO in 180 min respectively. Addition of H2O2 resulted in 100% removal of dyes in 180 min in ambient light and 75% dye removal in dark. H2O2 also increased apparent reaction rate constant (Kapp). Details of dye removal mechanism by CuS nanoparticles and enhanced dye removal due to H2O2 is provided.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan for financial support under National Research Project for Universities (NRPU) Project Number 3662.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Applied MathematicsPakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied SciencesNilore IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Micro and Nano Devices Group, Department of Metallurgy and Materials EngineeringPakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied SciencesNilore IslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringPakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied SciencesNilore IslamabadPakistan

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