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Improved energy-storage performance and breakdown enhancement mechanism of Mg-doped SrTiO3 bulk ceramics for high energy density capacitor applications

  • Zhonghua YaoEmail author
  • Qu Luo
  • Guifang Zhang
  • Hua Hao
  • Minghe Cao
  • Hanxing LiuEmail author
Article

Abstract

We investigated the structure, dielectric properties and energy density performances of cubic perovskite-structured Mg-doped SrTiO3 ceramics that were prepared by the solid-state reaction method. SrTiO3 ceramic exhibited a relatively stable permittivity about 265–290 and enhanced dielectric breakdown strength (DBS) by Mg isovalent doping. Doping effects on the energy-storage properties in SrTiO3 ceramics was performed by complex impedance analysis and polarization–electric field hysteresis loops. The energy storage density was dependent on DBS while energy efficiency was closely related to the remnant polarization. The possible physical mechanisms, including grain, gain boundary and interfacial polarization effects, were discussed to explain the improvement of dielectric breakdown strength. The bulk Mg-doped SrTiO3 materials have shown interesting energy densities (1.86 J/cm3) with good energy storage efficiency (about 89.3%) indicating that they can be a promising candidate for high energy density capacitor applications.

Keywords

Interfacial Polarization Remnant Polarization Breakdown Strength Hysteresis Loss Energy Storage Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by NSFC-Guangdong Joint Funds of the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1601209), the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2015CB654601), and the China Scholarship Council.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing and School of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Materials Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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