Optimization of photocurrent in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells using optical admittance analysis method
The optimized thicknesses of the active individual layers in organic thin film solar cells are obtained using optical admittance analysis method (OAAM). We have used OAAM to simulate the optical properties of two bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs) of structures: (1) ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PCBM/Lif/Al and (2) ITO/PTB7:PCBM/Lif/Ag. The optimal thicknesses of 75 nm and 115 nm of P3HT:PCBM and PTB7:PCBM blend layers, respectively, are obtained by maximising the absorbance in these layers through this simulation, which agree very well with the experimental results. The simulated short-circuit current density J SC is plotted as a function of the active layer thickness for a few selected thicknesses of the Al cathode in these two OSCs and it is found that J SC becomes maximum when the thickness of Al cathode is 40 nm. Using these optimised thicknesses of the active layers in these two cells the short-circuit current density is found to increase in ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PCBM/Lif/Al BHJ OSC by 4.8% and in ITO/PTB7:PCBM/Lif/Ag by 13.3%.
KeywordsActive Layer Organic Solar Cell Optimal Thickness Complex Refractive Index Active Layer Thickness
Authors would like to thank Furong Zhu for discussion on OAAM and providing the optical constants of (PEDOT:PSS), and PTB7:PCBM. David Ompong is supported by the Prestigious International Research Training Scholarship (PIRTS) and University Postgraduate Research Scholarship (UPRS) from Charles Darwin University, Northern Territory, Australia.
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