Advertisement

Large scale synthesis of uniform Au–Co alloy and multilayer nanowires using electrochemical deposition and their characterization

  • Sanjeev Kumar
Article
  • 160 Downloads

Abstract

Highly ordered, well-aligned, and dense Au–Co alloy and multilayer nanowires were synthesized using template based electro-deposition technique. The single potential was used during electro-deposition of Au–Co alloy nanowires, while for multilayer Au–Co nanowires, pulsed electro-deposition technique was used. Their morphological studies have been carried out using scanning electron microscopy. Elemental composition of template synthesized nanowires has been studied by energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The X-ray diffraction study revealed the crystalline structure of template synthesized nanowires. Magnetic properties of the nanowires have been investigated using vibrating sample magnetometer. Au–Co multilayer nanowires showed enhanced magnetization in comparison to Au–Co alloy nanowires. Au–Co multilayer nanowires may act as potential candidate for data storage applications.

Keywords

Anodic Alumina Membrane Nanoimprint Lithography Electrodeposition Technique Single Potential Magnetic Nanowires 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Fert, L. Piraux, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 200, 338 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T.T. Albrecht, J. Schotter, G.A. Kästle, N. Emley, T. Schibauchi, L.K. Elbaum, K. Guarini, C.T. Black, M.T. Tuominen, T.P. Russell, Science 290, 2126 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Clime, S.Y. Zhao, P. Chen, F. Normandin, H. Roberge, T. Veres, Nanotechnology 18, 435709 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.D. McGary, L. Tan, J. Zou, B.J.H. Stadlera, P.R. Downey, A.B. Flatau, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 08B310 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C.L. Xu, L. Zhang, H.L. Zhang, H.L. Li, Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 1182 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L.P. Bicelli, B. Bozzini, C. Mele, L. Durzo, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 3, 356 (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Dahmane, L. Cagnon, J. Voiron, S. Pairis, M. Bacia, L. Ortega, N. Benbrahim, A. Kadri, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 4523 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y.H. Huang, H. Okumur, H.C. Hadjipanayis, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 6869 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Shamila, R. Sharif, S. Riaz, M. Ma, M.K. Rahman, X.F. Han, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 320, 1803 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.U. Cho, J.H. Wu, J.H. Min, S.P. Ko, J.Y. Soh, Q.X. Liu, Y.K. Kim, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 303, e281 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Kumar, S. Fähler, H. Schlörb, K. Leistner, L. Schultz, Phys. Rev. B 73, 064421 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Grünberg, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 3673 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Grünberg, R. Schreiber, Y. Pang, M.B. Brodsky, H. Sowers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2442 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P.P. Pal, R. Pati, Phys. Rev. B 77, 144430 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.N. Baibich, J.M. Broto, A. Fert, F. Nguyen Van Dau, F. Petroff, P. Eitenne, G. Creuzet, A. Friederich, J. Chazelas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Binasch, P. Grünberg, F. Saurenbach, W. Zinn, Phys. Rev. B 39, 4828 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.S.P. Parkin, N. More, K.P. Roche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2304 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G.A. Prinz, Science 282, 1660 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Blondel, J.P. Meier, B. Doudin, J-Ph Ansermet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3019 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Piraux, J.M. George, J.F. Despres, C. Leroy, E. Ferain, R. Legras, K. Ounadjela, A. Fert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2484 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Tanase, D.M. Silevitch, A. Hultgren, L.A. Bauer, P.C. Searson, G.J. Meyer, D.H. Reich, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 8549 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Sharif, X.Q. Zhang, M.K. Rahman, S. Shamaila, J.Y. Chen, X.F. Han, Y.K. Kim, IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 4033 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    T.F. Jaramillo, S. Baeck, B.R. Cuenya, E.W. McFarland, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 7148 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C.R. Martin, Science 266, 1961 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C.A.J. Foss, G.L. Hornyak, J.A. Stockert, C.R. Martin, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 2963 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    U. Evans, P.E. Colavita, M.S. Doescher, M. Schiza, M.L. Myrick, Nano Lett. 2, 641 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Gupta, E.J. Podlaha, J. Appl. Electrochem. 40, 1429 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Lai, D.J. Riley, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 323, 203 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Wong, P. Greene, R.K. Dumas, K. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 032504 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    I. Kazeminezhad, W. Schwarzacher, Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 11, K24 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Kumar, S. Kumar, S.K. Chakarvarti, J. Mater. Sci. 39, 3257 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Kumar, R. Kumar, S. Kumar, S.K. Chakarvarti, J. Mater. Sci. 39, 2951 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Kumar, S. Kumar, S.K. Chakarvarti, J. Mater. Sci. 39, 3249 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Kumar, D. Saini, G.S. Lotey, N.K. Verma, Superlattices Microstruct. 50, 698 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. Kumar, D. Saini, Sci. Adv. Mater. 4, 1254 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Kumar, D. Saini, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 24, 1086 (2013)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. Saini, R.P. Chauhan, S. Kumar, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 25, 124 (2014)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Cortex, G. Riveros, J.L. Palma, J.C. Denardin, R.E. Marotti, E.A. Dalchiele, H. Gomez, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9, 1992 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    T.N. Narayanan, M.M. Shaijumon, L. Ci, P.M. Ajayan, M.R. Anantharaman, Nano Res. 1, 465 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Z. Song, Y. Xie, S. Yao, H. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Tang, Mater. Lett. 65, 1562 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied SciencesPEC University of TechnologyChandigarhIndia

Personalised recommendations