Improved magnetoelectric effect in lead free [72.5(Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3)–22.5(Bi1/2K1/2TiO3)–5(BiMg1/2Ti1/2O3)]: CoFe2O4 particulate nanocomposites prepared by sol–gel method

  • Mintu TyagiEmail author
  • Puneet Sharma
  • Mukesh Kumari
  • Megha Thakur


Non lead based ternary solid solution 72.5(Bi1/2Na1/2TiO3)–22.5(Bi1/2K1/2TiO3)–5(BiMg1/2Ti1/2O3) with high piezoelectric coefficient (d 33 ) of 180 pC/N has been prepared. Further, magnetoelectric (ME) particulate composites (1 − x)[72.5(BNT)-22.5(BKT)-5(BMgT)] − x CoFe2O4 (CFO) (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) were synthesized and a systematic study of structural, ferroelectric, magnetic and ME properties was undertaken. Large ME voltage coefficient (α E ) values accompanied by large piezoelectric coefficient and the adequate interface contact between the magnetic and electric phases were observed in these composites. The composite with x = 0.2, showed the large value of ME voltage coefficient (α E ) ~112 mV/cmOe due to higher d 33 (~125 pC/N) of composite. The present study demonstrate a new environmental-friendly ME particulate composite for future applications.


Ferrite BaTiO3 Particulate Composite CoFe2O4 NiFe2O4 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported in part by University Grant Commission (UGC), India, under Grant 40/446/2011 (SR).


  1. 1.
    W. Eerenstein, N.D. Mathur, J.F. Scott, Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials. Nat. Lond. 442, 759–765 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.W. Nan, M.I. Bichurin, S. Dong, D. Viehland, G. Srinivasan, Multiferroic magnetoelectric composites: Historical perspective, status, and future directions. J. Appl. Phys. 103, 031101 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.K. Pradhan, R.N.P. Chaudary, T.K. Nath, Magnetoelectric properties of PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3–Ni0.65Zn0.35Fe2O4 multiferroic nanocomposites. Appl. Nanosci. 2, 261–273 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Q. Jiang, F. Liu, H. Yan, H. Ning, Z. Libor, K.Q. Zhang, K.M. Cain, M.J. Reece, Magneto-electric properties of multiferroic Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3–NiFe2O4 nanoceramic composites. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 2311–2314 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L.P. Curecheriu, M.T. Buscaglia, V. Buscaglia, L. Mitoseriu, P. Postolache, A. Ianculescu, P. Nanni, Functional properties of BaTiO3–Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 magnetoelectric ceramics prepared from powders with core-shell structure. J. Appl. Phys. 107, 104106 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Sarkar, B. Dalal, D.A. Vishal, C. Kaushik, M. Amitava, S.K. De, Magnetic properties of mixed spinel BaTiO3-NiFe2O4 composites. J. Appl. Phys. 115, 123908 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Yang, G. Zhang, Y. Lin, F. Wang, Preparation and characterization of BaTiO3–Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3/BiY2Fe5O12 laminate composites. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 6586–6591 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Zeng, J.G. Wan, Y. Wang, H. Yu, J.M. Liu, X.P. Jiang, C.W. Nan, Resonance magnetoelectric effect in bulk composites of lead Zirconate Titanate and nickel ferrite. J. Appl. Phys. 95, 8069 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Gupta, A. Huang, S. Shannigrahi, R. Chatterjee, Improved magnetoelectric coupling in Mn and Zn doped CoFe2O4–PbZr0.52Ti0.48O3 particulate composite. Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 112901 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Sreenivasulu, V. Hari Babu, G. Markandeyulu, B.S. Murty, Magnetoelectric effect of (100-x)BaTiO3-xNiFe1.98O4, x = 20–80 wt% particulate nanocomposites. Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 112902 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Takenaka, K. Maruyama, K. Sakata, (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-BaTiO3 system for lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. J. App. Phys. 30, 2236–2239 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Takenaka, H. Nagata, Y. Hiruma, Phase transition temperatures and piezoelectric properties of (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 and (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3-based bismuth perovskite lead-free ferroelectric ceramics. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1595 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Hao, B. Shen, J. Zhai, C. Liu, X. Li, X. Gao, Switching of morphotropic phase boundary and large strain response in lead-freeternary (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–(K0.5Bi0.5)TiO3–(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 system. J. Appl. Phys. 113, 114106 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    X.X. Wang, S.H. Choy, X.G. Tang, H.L.W. Chan, Dielectric behavior and microstructure of (Bi12Na12)TiO3–(Bi12K12)TiO3–BaTiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 97, 104101 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Jarupoom, E. Patterson, B. Gibbons, G. Rujijanagul, R. Yimnirun, D. Cann, Lead-free ternary perovskite compounds with large electromechanical strains. Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 152901 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    B.S. Narendra, J.H. Hsu, Y.S. Chen, J.G. Lin, Magnetoelectric response in lead-free multiferroic NiFe2O4–Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 composites. J. Appl. Phys. 109, 07D904 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Srinivas, R.V. Krishnaiah, T. Karthik, S. Suresh, S.V.Kamat Asthana, Observation of direct and indirect magnetoelectricity in lead free ferroelectric (Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3)–magnetostrictive (CoFe2O4) particulate composite. Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 082902 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Tyagi, M. Kumari, R. Chatterjee, P. Sharma, Microstructure-property relationship in magnetoelectric bulk composites. Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 202904 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Chang, W. Feng, L.Q. Chen, Effect of second-phase particle morphology on grain growth kinetics. Acta Mater. 57, 5229–5236 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.F. Scott, Ferroelectrics go bananas. J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20, 021001 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D.K. Pradhan, S.K. Barik, S. Sahoo, V.S. Puli, R.S. Katiyar, Investigations on electrical and magnetic properties of Multiferroic [(1-x)Pb(Fe0.5Nb0.5)O3-xNi0.65Zn0.35Fe2O4] composites. J. Appl. Phys. 113, 144104 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Lorenz, V. Lazenka, P. Schwinkendorf, F. Bern, M. Ziese, H. Modarresi, A. Volodin, M.J.V. Bael, K. Temst, A. Vantomme, G. Marius, Multiferroic BaTiO3–BiFeO3 composite thin films and multilayers: strain engineering and magnetoelectric coupling. J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 135303 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C.M. Kanamadi, L.B. Pujari, B.K. Chougule, Dielectric behaviour and magnetoelectric effect in xNi0.8Cu0.2Fe2O4 + (1-x)Ba0.9Pb0.1Ti0.9Zr0.1O3 ME composites. J. Magn. Magn. Matter. 295, 139 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mintu Tyagi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Puneet Sharma
    • 2
  • Mukesh Kumari
    • 3
  • Megha Thakur
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanotechnology Research LaboratoryDesh Bhagat UniversityMandi GovindgarhIndia
  2. 2.School of Physics and Materials ScienceThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  3. 3.Magnetics and Advanced Ceramics Laboratory, Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of TechnologyDelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations