Structural and electrical properties of lead reduced lanthanum modified BiFeO3–PbTiO3 solid solution

  • S. K. Pradhan
  • S. N. Das
  • S. Bhuyan
  • C. Behera
  • R. N. P Choudhary


Lanthanum modified binary electronic systems of BiFeO3 (BFO) and PbTiO3 (PT) in different molar ratios with reduced lead (Pb) content have been synthesized by using a high-temperature solid-state reaction technique. Detailed studies of structural, morphological and electrical properties of the prepared solid solutions [(Pb1−xBi0.5xLa0.5x)(FexTi1−x)O3 with x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7] have provided some interesting findings on structure-properties relationship. An abrupt change is observed in the structure of the solid solution from tetragonal to rhombohedral with the increase of La concentration. The micro-structural analysis reveals that the grain size of the system reduces on increasing La concentration of the prepared electronic system. The reduction of Pb concentration not only advances the dielectric response of lanthanum modified BiFeO3–PbTiO3 electronic material but also suppresses the toxic behavior of the material. For higher concentration of La, the remnant polarization is observed to be minimum. The impedance studies exhibit the presence of grain and grain boundary effects, and existence of a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR) in the material. The ac conductivity increases with increase in frequency in the low-temperature region for all the materials. It is observed that the prepared electronic materials obey the non-exponential type of conductivity relaxation.


Oxygen Vacancy Lanthanum BiFeO3 Relative Dielectric Constant High Frequency Side 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    H. Schmid, Ferroelectrics 162, 317 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Eerenstein, N.D. Mathur, J.F. Scott, Nat. Lond. 442, 759 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.N. Das, A. Pattanaik, S. Kadambini, S. Pradhan, S. Bhuyan, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. (2016). doi: 10.1007/s10854-016-5084-2 Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.M. Kumar, V.R. Palkar, K. Srinivas, S.V. Suryanarayana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2764 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y.P. Wang, L. Zhou, M.F. Zhang, X.Y. Chen, J.M. Liu, Z.G. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1731 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    V.R. Palkar, J. John, R. Pinto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1628 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Mazumder, A. Sen, J. Alloy. Compd. 475, 577 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    X.Q. Zhang, Y. Sui, X.J. Wang, J.K. Tang, W.H. Su, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 07D918 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Behera, R.N.P. Choudhary, P.R. Das, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 2086 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y.J. Wu, X.K. Chen, J. Zhang, X.J. Chen, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 053927 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Kawae, Y. Terauchi, H. Tsuda, M. Kumeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 112904 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.S. Wu, Z.B. Huang, C.X. Han, S.L. Yuan, C.L. Lu, S.C. Xia, Solid State Commun. 152, 2142 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Cheng, S.W. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Meng, L.E. Cross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 122911 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.K. Mishra, A.T. Satya, A. Bharathi, V. Sivasubramanian, V.R.K. Murthy, A.K. Arora, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 123529 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.K. Pradhan, S.N. Das, S. Bhuyan, C. Behera, R. Padhee, R.N.P. Choudhary, Appl. Phys. A 122(6), 1–9 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L.F. Cótica, F.R. Estrada, V.F. Freitas, G.S. Dias, I.A. Santos, J.A. Eiras, D. Garcia, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 114105 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Gao, J. Tian, H. Zheng, F. Tan, W. Zhang, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 700 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Wu, POWD, an interactive powder diffraction data interpretation and indexing program, Ver. 2.1. School of Physical Sciences, Flinders University South Bedford Park, Bedford ParkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N.A. Hill, A. Filippeti, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242, 976 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Cohen, Nature 358, 136 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J.D. Bobic, R.M. Katiliute, M. Ivanov, M.M.V. Petrović, N.I. Ilić, A.S. Džunuzović, J. Banys, B.D. Stojanović, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 2448 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Y. Liu, J. Wei, Y. Liu, X. Bai, P. Shi, S. Mao, X. Zhang, C. Li, B. Dkhil, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 3095 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Q. Zheng, Y. Guo, F. Lei, X. Wu, D. Lin, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 2638 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J.E. Garcia, V. Gomis, R. Perez, A. Albareda, J.A. Eiran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 0429021 (2007)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Z. Dai, Y. Akishige, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43, 445403 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    K.S. Kumar, C. Venkateswar, D. Kannan, B. Tiwari, M.S.R. Rao, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45, 415302 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    C.K. Suman, K. Prasad, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 369 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. Provenzano, L.P. Boesch, V. Volterra, C.T. Moynihan, P.B. Macedo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 55, 492 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Chatterjee, P.K. Mahapatra, R.N.P. Choudhary, A.K. Thakur, Phys. Status Solid (a) 201, 588 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. Pattanayak, B.N. Parida, P.R. Das, R.N.P. Choudhary, Appl. Phys. A 112, 387 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Gupta, S. Bhattacharjee, D. Pandey, V. Bansal, S.K. Bhargava, J.L. Peng, A. Garg, Appl. Phys. A 104, 395 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Brahma, R.N.P. Choudhary, A.K. Thakur, Phys. B 355, 188 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Pradhan
    • 1
  • S. N. Das
    • 1
  • S. Bhuyan
    • 1
  • C. Behera
    • 2
  • R. N. P Choudhary
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Instrumentation EngineeringSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan UniversityBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan UniversityBhubaneswarIndia

Personalised recommendations