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Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 11940–11945 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of ZnFe2−xYbxO4–graphene nanocomposites by sol–gel method

  • Mehdi Rahimi-NasrabadiEmail author
  • Mojtaba Rostami
  • Farhad Ahmadi
  • Abdollah Fallah Shojaie
  • Mahboube Delavar Rafiee
Article

Abstract

In this work a set of x mol% (x = 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07, 0.09) Yb3+ doped ZnFe2O4 nano-particles (ZnFe2−xYbxO4), were grown on a 5 wt% graphene (GR) through a simple sol–gel method, using Zn(NO3)2·6H2O, FeCl3·6H2O, Yb(NO3)3·6H2O and graphene (GR). The structure, surface morphology and chemical composition of the resulting composites (ZnFe2−xYbxO4–GR) were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), photoluminescence (PL) and vibrating sample magnetometry. The XRD patterns of the nano-composites and nano-particles were in good agreement with a cubic structure for the ZnFe2O4 spinel. The particle sizes for all compositions were found to be in the range of ∼65 − 80 nm. The saturation magnetization (MS), determined by a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), linearly increased with the concentration of Yb3+. Saturation magnetization (MS) in the ZnFe2−xYbxO4–5 wt% GR nano-composites was larger than that of impure 0.01 mol% Yb/ZnFe2O4 nano-particles.

Keywords

Ferrite Ytterbium Vibrate Sample Magnetometer ZnFe2O4 Nitrate Hexahydrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Rahimi-Nasrabadi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mojtaba Rostami
    • 3
  • Farhad Ahmadi
    • 4
  • Abdollah Fallah Shojaie
    • 5
  • Mahboube Delavar Rafiee
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of PharmacyBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryImam Hossein UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Inter Islamic Network on Science and Technology Parks in GuilanRashtIran
  4. 4.Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy-International CampusIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of GuilanRashtIran

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