Preparation, structural and micromechanical properties of (Al/Mg) co-doped ZnO nanoparticles by sol–gel process

  • E. AsikuzunEmail author
  • O. Ozturk
  • L. Arda
  • D. Akcan
  • S. D. Senol
  • C. Terzioglu


Zn0.90Mg0.10−xAlxO (x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.10) nanoparticles were prepared by using sol–gel technique. The effects of Al and Mg doping on the structural and mechanical properties were investigated by using X-Ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and digital micro-hardness tester, respectively. The grain size, a and c lattice parameters and morphology of nanoparticles were characterized by XRD and SEM measurements. The grain sizes of Al/Mg co-doped ZnO nanoparticles were also calculated by Scherrer–Warren equation. a and c lattice parameters are calculated from XRD peaks. According to the results it was observed that the grain sizes increased with increasing the Al doping. c lattice parameter partially decreased with Al doping. The experimental results of hardness measurements were analyzed using Meyer’s law, proportional specimen resistance model, elastic/plastic deformation model, and Hays–Kendall (HK) approach. It was observed that HK approach is the most successful model for the micro-hardness analysis of Al/Mg co-doped ZnO materials.


CuAlO2 Indentation Size Effect Reverse Indentation Size Effect True Hardness Proportional Specimen Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research has been supported by the Kastamonu University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Department under the Grant No. KUBAP-03/2013-41, the Abant İzzet Baysal University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Department under the Project No: 2014.03.03.723 and the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) Project No. 114F259.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declares that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Asikuzun
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. Ozturk
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Arda
    • 3
  • D. Akcan
    • 3
  • S. D. Senol
    • 4
  • C. Terzioglu
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and SciencesKastamonu UniversityKastamonuTurkey
  2. 2.Reseach and Application CenterKastamonu UniversityKastamonuTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural SciencesBahcesehir UniversityBesiktas, IstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and SciencesAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and SciencesAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey

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