Characterization of interface defects in BiFeO3 metal–oxide–semiconductor capacitors deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering
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In this work, we study the structural and electrical properties of BiFeO3 MOS capacitors with a special focus on the oxide–semiconductor interface for gate dielectric applications. For this purpose BiFeO3 thin films with a thickness of 300 nm were deposited on p-type Si (100) substrates at 0 °C by RF sputtering. Half of the films were annealed at 550 °C for 30 min in atmospheric environment while the other half were kept as-deposited. XRD and SEM measurements were performed for both samples for structural characterization. MOS capacitors were fabricated by evaporation technique using Al from samples. For electrical characterizations of MOS capacitors, capacitance–voltage (C–V), conductance–frequency (Gp/ω–F) and leakage current density–voltage (J–V) measurements were performed. The XRD analyses show that BiFeO3 thin films are polycrystalline with some impurity phases, which influence the electronic device properties. The formation of crystallization is confirmed by SEM measurements. Debye length, barrier height and flat band voltages showed variations due to the frequency dependent charges, partially originating from interface defects, in the device structure. Therefore ignoring effects of frequency dependent charges can lead to significant errors in the analysis of electrical characteristics of MOS capacitors. Moreover, the obtained results from analyses of C–V, Gp/ω–F and J–V characteristics of annealed samples depict that all measured and calculated parameters are of the same order for novel MOS devices. Hence, the BiFeO3 dielectric layer in fabricated MOS devices exhibits a stable insulation property for gate dielectric applications.
KeywordsBiFeO3 Leakage Current Density Scanning Electron Microscopy Measurement Interface State Density Flat Band Voltage
The authors would like to thank Middle East Technical University for providing experimental facilities and their generous support. This work is supported by Abant Izzet Baysal University under Contract Number: AIBU, BAP.2011.03.02.439, the Ministry of Development of Turkey under Contract Number: 2012K120360 and the Australian Research Council under Grant Numbers FT110100523, DP140100463 and DP140102849.
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