Ferromagnetism in Gd-doped CdS dilute magnetic semiconducting nanorods

  • Kamaldeep Kaur
  • Gurmeet Singh Lotey
  • N. K. Verma


CdxGd1−xS (x = 0–0.15) nanorods have been synthesized by solvothermal technique. X-ray diffraction study reveals that pure and Gd-doped CdS nanorods exhibits hexagonal wurtzite structure. Transmission electron microscopy reveals nanorods like morphology of synthesized CdS having 14 and 26 nm size of pure and 15 % doped CdS nanorods. UV–Visible absorption study confirms the blue shift in the energy band energy due to the quantum confinement effects. Photoluminescence spectra confirm the defect free nature of the synthesized nanorods with peaks emerging around 528 and 540 nm due to the green emission. The magnetic study shows that the pure and Gd-doped CdS nanorods exhibits ferromagnetic character and the magnetisation increased by five times from 0.074 to 0.422 emu/g upon Gd-doping.


  1. 1.
    G. Cao, Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Synthesis, Properties and Applications, 1st edn. (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Liu, F. Yun, H. Morkoc, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 16, 555 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.K. Yoshida, K. Sato, T. Fukushima, M. Toyoda, H. Kizaki, V.A. Dinh, P.H. Dederichs, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 204, 15 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Dietl, Nat. Mater. 9, 965 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Felser, G.H. Fecher, B. Balke, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 46, 668 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.S. Wolf, D.D. Awschalom, R.A. Buhrman, J.M. Daughton, S.V. Molnar, M.L. Roukes, A.Y. Chtchelkanova, D.M. Treger, Science 294, 1488 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D.D. Awschalom, M.E. Flatté, Nat. Phys. 3, 153 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Schilfgaarde, O.N. Mryasov, Phys. Rev. B 63, 233205 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Dietl, H. Ohno, F. Matsukura, J. Cibert, D. Ferrand, Science 287, 1019 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Salimian, S.F. Shayesteh, J. Supercond. Novel Magn. 25, 2009 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    B. Sambandam, S.E. Muthu, S. Arumugam, P.T. Manoharan, RSC Adv. 3, 5184 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G.S. Lotey, Z. Jindal, V. Singhi, N.K. Verma, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 16, 2044 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Kaur, G.S. Lotey, N.K. Verma, Mater. Chem. Phys. 143, 41 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    T.J. Norman, D. Magana, T. Wilson, C. Burns, J.Z. Zhang, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6309 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Beaulac, P.I. Archer, X. Liu, S. Lee, G.M. Salley, M. Dobrowolska, J.K. Furdyna, D.R. Gamelin, Nano Lett. 8, 1197 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Phuruangrat, T. Thongtem, S. Thongtem, Powder Technol. 221, 383 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.R.L. Fernandez, M. de Souza-Parise, P.C. Morais, Surf. Sci. 601, 3805 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    B.D. Cullity, S.R. Stock, Elementary of X-ray Diffraction, 3rd edn. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 2001)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thambidurai M, Muthukumarasamy N, Velauthapillai D, Lee C, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. doi:10.1007/s10854-013-1438-1
  20. 20.
    G.S. Lotey, N.K. Verma, J. Nanopart. Res. 13, 5397 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Kumar, Z. Jindal, N. Kumari, N.K. Verma, J. Nanopart. Res. 13, 5465 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C.B. Murray, D.J. Norris, M.G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8706 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S.C. Qu, W.H. Zhou, F.Q. Liu, N.F. Chen, Z.G. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3605 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Kumar, S. Kumar, S. Jain, N.K. Verma, Appl. Nanosci. 2, 127 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Delikanli, S. He, Y. Qin, P. Zhang, H. Zeng, H. Zhang, M. Swihart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 132501 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. Saravanan, A. Pandurangan, R. Jayavel, J. Nanopart. Res. 13, 1621 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamaldeep Kaur
    • 1
  • Gurmeet Singh Lotey
    • 1
  • N. K. Verma
    • 1
  1. 1.Nano Research Lab, School of Physics and Materials ScienceThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations