Properties of electrochemically deposited CdTe thin films: annealing effect
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CdTe thin film have been deposited onto stainless steel and fluorine doped tin oxide coated glass substrates from aqueous acidic bath using electrodeposition technique. The different preparative parameters, such as deposition time, bath temperature, pH of the bath have been optimized by photoelectrochemical (PEC) technique get good quality photosensitive material. The deposited films are annealed at different temperature in presence of air. Annealing temperature is also optimized by PEC technique. The film annealed at 200 °C showed maximum photosensitivity. Different techniques have been used to characterize the as deposited and also annealed (at 200 °C) CdTe thin film. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed the polycrystalline nature and a significant increase in the XRD peak intensities is observed for the CdTe films after annealing. Optical absorption shows the presence of direct transition with band gap energy 1.64 eV and after annealing it decreases to 1.50 eV. Energy dispersive analysis by X-ray study for the as-deposited and annealed films showed nearly stoichiometric compound formation. Scanning electron microscopy reveals that spherically shaped grains are more uniformly distributed over the surface of the substrate for the annealed CdTe film. Photovoltaic output characteristics and spectral response of the annealed film have been carried. The fill factor and power conversion efficiency (η) of the cell are found to be 71 and 3.89 %.