Undoped, nitrogen-doped and boron-doped multiwalled carbon nanotube/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite as active layer in simple hydrostatic pressure sensors
We report on hydrostatic pressure sensors prepared using 10 % w/w multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/poly(vinyl alcohol) composites. Three types of carbon nanotubes were used in the composites: undoped MWCNTs, nitrogen-doped MWCNTs and boron-doped MWCNTs (B-MWCNTs). The sensor response was tested using an alternating current input, measuring the capacitance and conductance outputs. The sensors based on the three composites show a linear capacitance and conductance sensitivity pressure dependence in the range 50–120 kPa, but a higher sensitivity to pressure dependence above this interval. The highest angular coefficient of the sensitivity, which reached 0.092 kPa−1, was observed for the capacitance sensitivity of the B-MWCNT based composite.
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