Undoped, nitrogen-doped and boron-doped multiwalled carbon nanotube/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite as active layer in simple hydrostatic pressure sensors

  • Messai A. Mamo
  • Alan O. Sustaita
  • Zikhona N. Tetana
  • Neil J. Coville
  • Ivo A. Hümmelgen


We report on hydrostatic pressure sensors prepared using 10 % w/w multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/poly(vinyl alcohol) composites. Three types of carbon nanotubes were used in the composites: undoped MWCNTs, nitrogen-doped MWCNTs and boron-doped MWCNTs (B-MWCNTs). The sensor response was tested using an alternating current input, measuring the capacitance and conductance outputs. The sensors based on the three composites show a linear capacitance and conductance sensitivity pressure dependence in the range 50–120 kPa, but a higher sensitivity to pressure dependence above this interval. The highest angular coefficient of the sensitivity, which reached 0.092 kPa−1, was observed for the capacitance sensitivity of the B-MWCNT based composite.


Carbon Nanotubes Pressure Sensor Multiwalled Carbon Vinyl Alcohol Carbon Sphere 
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The authors would like to thank CNPq (Brazil), CONACYT (Mexico) and NRF (South Africa) for research grants and Prof Jonas Gruber for the interdigitated electrodes.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Messai A. Mamo
    • 1
  • Alan O. Sustaita
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zikhona N. Tetana
    • 3
  • Neil J. Coville
    • 3
  • Ivo A. Hümmelgen
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de FísicaUniversidade Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Advanced Materials DepartmentIPICYTSan Luis PotosíMexico
  3. 3.DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Strong Materials and Molecular Sciences Institute, School of ChemistryUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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