Effects of ZnO and CeO2 additions on the microstructure and dielectric properties of Mn-modified (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.88Ca0.12TiO3 ceramics

  • Ying Yuan
  • Enzhu Li
  • Bin Tang
  • Li Bo
  • Xiaohua Zhou


The effects of ZnO and CeO2 on the microstructure and dielectric temperature characteristics of the Mn-modified (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.88Ca0.12TiO3 ceramics were investigated to develop temperature-stable dielectric ceramics. By adding 1–2 wt% ZnO, the overall dielectric constant increased. With further increasing the amount of ZnO, the dielectric constant at temperatures lower than 25 °C decreased, whereas the dielectric constant at temperatures higher than 75 °C increased. The temperature characteristic of capacitance became flatter when more than 4 wt% ZnO was doped. By adding CeO2, the dielectric constant decreased and a flat temperature characteristic of permittivity was obtained. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the perovskite BNT phase formed for all the compositions and the secondary phases Zn2TiO4 and Bi2Ti2O7 occurred, respectively when ZnO and CeO2 was added. Scanning electron microscope indicated that an inhomogeneous microstructure comprising fine and rectangle grains was observed in the ZnO-free sample. ZnO less than 2 wt% could inhibit the grain growth and decrease long grains. However, the grain growth was promoted as more than 8 wt% ZnO was added. The dielectric loss with different contents of ZnO and CeO2 were characterized as the function of temperatures for potential use at high temperature. The dielectric loss at 25 °C was independent of the amounts of ZnO and CeO2. However, the dielectric loss at 250 °C decreased by adding 1 wt% ZnO and then increased with increasing ZnO. This system is considered to be a potential material for high-temperature capacitors.


Dielectric Constant CeO2 Dielectric Loss Diffuse Phase Transition TiO3 Ceramic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Y.H. Hoon, Y.H. Han, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 6143 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    X.H. Zhou, S.R. Zhang, Y. Yuan, B. Li, J.S. Liu, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 17, 133 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Du, Y.R. Li, Y. Yuan, S.R. Zhang, B. Tang, J. Electron. Mater. 36, 1389 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T.A. Jain, C.C. Chen, K.Z. Fung, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 2595 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Yuan, S.R. Zhang, X.H. Zhou, B. Tang, B. Li, J. Electron. Mater. 38, 706 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.B. Lim, S. Zhang, N. Kim, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 679 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.A. Smolenskii, V.A. Isupo, A.I. Agranovskaya, N.N. Krainik, Sov. Phys.: Solid State 2, 2651 (1961)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.K. Lee, K.S. Hong, C.K. Kim, S.E. Park, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4538 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Suchanicz, M.G. Gavshin, A.Y. Kudzin, C.Z. Kus, J. Mater. Sci. 36, 1981 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.E. Park, K.S. Hong, J. Mater. Res. 12, 2152 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Ranjan, V. Kothai, R. Garg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 042904 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Nagata, M. Yoshida, Y. Makiuchi, T. Takenaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 7401 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Yuan, S.R. Zhang, X.H. Zhou, J.S. Liu, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 565 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Herabut, A. Safari, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 80, 2954 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Nagata, T. Takenaka, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 21, 1299 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    X.X. Wang, H.L. Chan, C.L. Choy, Solid State Comm. 125, 395 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Yuan, C.J. Zhao, X.H. Zhou, B. Tang, S.R. Zhang, J. Electroceram. 25, 212 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.C. Caballero, J.F. Fernadez, C. Moure, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 939 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.D. Shannon, Acta Crystallogr. A32, 751 (1976)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Kuharuangrong, W. Schulze, J. Am. Ceramic. Soc. 79, 1273 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C.H. Gao, X.Y. Huang, Z.G. Chen, Rare Metal Mater. Eng. 35, 213 (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Yuan
    • 1
  • Enzhu Li
    • 1
  • Bin Tang
    • 1
  • Li Bo
    • 1
  • Xiaohua Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.The State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated DevicesUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations