Fabrication of flat capped carbon nanotubes using an arc-discharge method assisted with a Sm-Co catalyst
- 143 Downloads
In this study, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were fabricated using an arc-discharge method assisted with samarium-cobalt (Sm-Co) chloride as a catalyst. The optimal fabrication condition was determined through a series of experiments on various ambient conditions. Observations were completed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, and tunneling electron microscopy (TEM); the main products we observed are well-structured multi-walled carbon nanotubes. By identifying the radial breathing modes (RBMs) of the Raman spectra with a TEM micrograph, we also observed a small number of single-walled carbon nanotubes. With the assistance of the Sm-Co chloride catalyst, the RBMs of the Raman spectra were measured in the ambient pressure of 760 torr. The TEM observations revealed that our nanotubes have good graphitic structures and almost no bamboo defects, which agrees with their Raman measurements with a high IG/ID ratio (~88). A perfect graphitic flat cap was found to be attached at the end of the nanotube. Simulation shows that by incorporating 5 carbon pentagons, it is possible to construct a flat capped carbon nanotube. The results of our experiment offer a unique approach to growing high quality CNTs. Such a flat capped structure may useful for further advanced application in nano-electronics and nano-optics.
KeywordsFullerene Radial Breathing Mode Buckyball Tangential Mode Tunneling Electron Microscopy