Azo-carbazole dye chromophore as promising materials for diffraction grating recording

  • J. NiziolEmail author
  • E. GondekEmail author
  • K. J. Pluciñski


Azo-carbazoles dyes were synthesized. These materials are promising for diffraction gratings recording and for the quantum electronic devices. In this work second-order nonlinear optical optical features of such dyes were studied both theoretically and experimentally. Quantum chemical calculations have been performed using the molecular dynamics, applying geometrical optimization through (MM+) force field method (all-atom force-field model), semi-empirical Allinger method (AM1) and finally PM3 method.


PMMA Carbazole Nonlinear Optical Property Tetrabutylammonium Bromide Dipole Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    an extensive list is cited in J.V. Grazulevicius, P. Strohriegl, J. Pielichowski, K.Pielichowski, Prog. Polym. Sci. 28, 1297 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Bednarz, J. Pielichowski, J. Nizioł, Polimery (Warsaw) 51, 218–221 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Czaplicki, S. Seignon, F. Kajzar, M. Bakasse, J. Niziol, M. Bednarz, B. Sahraoui, IEEE Conf. Proceedings, no EX1326, 2,(2006), pp. 283–286Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Rohl, B. Andress, J. Nordmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2793 (1991)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Ozga, V. Krishnakumar, I.V. Kityk, J. Jasik-Ślęzak, Mater. Lett. 62, 4597–4600 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Fuks-Janczarek, I.V. Kityk, R. Miedzinski, B. Claudet, Curr. Appl. Phys. 9, 484–491 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Kolev, B. Koleva, J. Kasperczyk, I. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, M. Spiteler, A.H. Reshak, W. Kuznik, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 20, 1073–1077 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Andraud, M. Alexandre, G. Lemercier, W. Gruhn, I.V. Kityk, Phys. Lett. A 292(4–5), 295–299 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Andraud, I.V. Kityk, H. Kutawara, G. Lemercier, K. Stromberger, M. Alexandre, W. Gruhn, K.S. Pak, Mater. Lett. 57, 1489–1495 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    I.V. Kityk, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 292, 184–201 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer ScienceAGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakówPoland
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsCracow University of TechnologyCracowPoland
  3. 3.Electronics DepartmentMilitary Academy of TechnologyWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations