Morphology control of 1D ZnO nanostructures grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition

Article

Abstract

The morphology of ZnO nanostructures grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition under various growth conditions was examined by scanning electron microscopy. An increase in the growth temperature resulted in the formation of 1D nanostructures with diameters decreasing with increasing temperature. Vertically aligned nanorods with a needle-like tip shape were grown on a previously deposited homo-seed layer. Also the seed layer reduced the growth temperature of 1D nanorods. Low-temperature growth posterior to nanorod growth resulted in the formation of nanorods with an inverted graded diameter.

References

  1. 1.
    M.H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, P. Yang, Science 292, 1897 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.F. Service, Science 276, 895 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y.B. Li, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3603 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.C. Reynolds, D.C. Look, B. Jogai, Solid State Commun. 99, 873 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.S. Hullavarad, N.V. Hullavarad, P.C. Karulkar, A. Luykx, P. Valdivia, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 2, 161 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Z.L. Wang, Adv. Mater. 12, 1295 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.X. Gao, T. Ding, W. Mai, W.L. Hughes, C.S. Lao, Z.L. Wang, Science 309, 1700 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.H. Jo, J.Y. Lao, Z.F. Ren, R.A. Farrer, T. Baldacchini, J.T. Fourkas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4821 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Q. Wan, Q.H. Li, Y.J. Chen, T.H. Wang, X.L. He, X.G. Gao, J.P. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3654 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W.I. Park, D.H. Kim, S.W. Jung, G. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4232 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y.W. Heo, V. Varadarjan, M. Kaufman, K. Kim, D.P. Norton, F. Ren, P.H. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3046 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Park J. Lee M. Sungg S. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 7317 2002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Vayssieres, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 464 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    X. Duan, C.M. Lieber, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 298 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Braun, H.G. Grimmeiss, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 2658 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.J. Wu, S.C. Liu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 14, 215 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    X.Y. Kong, Z.L. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 975 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.-W. Kim, Shizuo Fujita, Shigeo Fujita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 153119 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Xu, Z. Ye, L. Zhu, Y. Zeng, L. Jiang, B. Zhao, J. Cryst. Growth 277, 490 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    B.H. Kong, H.K. Cho, J. Cryst. Growth 289, 370 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Q. Zhao, H.Z. Zhang, Y.W. Zhu, S.Q. Feng, X.C. Sun, J. Xu, D.P. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 203115 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Yang, H. Yan, S. Mao, R. Russo, J. Johnson, R. Saykally, N. Morris, J. Pham, R. He, H.-J. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 323 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H.Y. Yang, S.P. Lau, S F. Yu, L. Huang, M. Tanemura, J. Tanaka, T. Okita, H.H. Hng, Nanotechnology 16, 1300 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.W. Ott, R.P.H. Chang, Mater. Chem. Phys. 58, 132 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. He, Y. Wang, Y. Zou, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 36, 2972 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    K. Ellmer, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 33, R17 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B.R. Mehta, F.E. Kruis, Solar Energy Mater. 85, 107 (2005)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    W.U. Huynh, J.J. Dittmer, A.P. Alivisatos, Science 295, 2425 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong Chan Kim
    • 1
  • Bo Hyun Kong
    • 1
  • Hyung Koun Cho
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Advanced Materials Science and EngineeringSungkyunkwan UniversitySuwonKorea

Personalised recommendations